Ukuvakasha KweLaos Rural: Ukwabelana Emaphandleni

IHouzhou
IHouzhou

Intshisekelo ngezokuvakasha zasemakhaya zase-Asia Pacific iye yanda emashumini eminyaka amuva nje, njengoba kwenza ukuhlehla kwezwe ngo-19.th-i-Victorian England yekhulu leminyaka, futhi ngenxa yezizathu ezifanayo. Isibalo sabantu basemadolobheni ase-Asia esikhulayo sifuna ukubalekela impilo yabo yasemadolobheni egcwele ingcindezi, kodwa evame ukujwayelekile, futhi siya ngokuya siphendukela emaholidini okungcebeleka nawokungcebeleka emaphandleni.

Nokho, i-Asia Pacific ibhekene nesimo esihluke kakhulu namuhla kunoThomas Cook ngeminyaka yawo-1850. Ukuze uhlole lesi simo esikhulayo, iDolobha lase-Huzhou, e-China, lihlanganyele ne-Pacific Asia Travel Association (PATA) kanye ne-World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) ukusingatha Ingqungquthela Yesibili Yamazwe Ngamazwe Yezokuvakasha Zasemakhaya kusukela mhla ziyi-16-18 kuJulayi 2017, e-Anji County, Laos.

Phakathi nomcimbi wokuvula, Isikhulu Esiphezulu Sezokusebenza se-PATA u-Dale Lawrence sethule Umklomelo Wesisekelo Sendawo Yezokuvakasha Kwamazwe Ngamazwe Ngamazwe Ngamazwe Kumantshi Yase-Anji County u-Chen Yonghua. I-Huzhou nesifunda sase-Anji zaziwa ngamagquma anamahlathi, izinhlobo ze-bamboo, itiye elimhlophe, imifula namadamu, ama-panda, ne-calligraphy.

USihlalo we-PATA Foundation uPeter Semone wabe esethula incwadi ye-UNWTO ethi, “Umbiko Wokuthuthukiswa Kwezokuvakasha Zasemakhaya Zamazwe Ngamazwe: I-Asia Pacific Perspective”. Lo mbhalo onamakhasi angama-200 wethula izifundo eziyisibonelo ezindaweni ezingu-14 zokuvakasha zasemakhaya e-Asia Pacific, okuhlanganisa ne-Huzhou.

UMnu Semone, umbhali ophambili walo mbiko kanye nomhleli omkhulu, uthe, “Njengoba unyaka wezi-2017 kuwuNyaka Womhlaba Wezokuvakasha Okusimeme Kwentuthuko, besifuna ukuthi lolu shicilelo lugxile ezindleleni ezingcono kakhulu nezindlela eziyimpumelelo zokuthuthukisa ezokuvakasha ezindaweni zasemakhaya e-Asia Pacific.”

U-Shen Mingqua, uNobhala weKomidi Lezokuvakasha Lesifunda sase-Anji, wabe esemukela izithunywa ezingaphezu kuka-300 ezivela emazweni angaphezu kuka-15 "Ekhaya Lezokuvakasha Zasemaphandleni E-Asia Pacific". UMnu uMingqua wethule impumelelo ka-Anji okuhlanganisa indawo yokuqala yezokuvakasha yasemaphandleni eqinisekisiwe kanye noyedwa owathola uMklomelo we-UN Habitat.

"Ukuqamba izinto ezintsha kuyisihluthulelo sempumelelo yethu…Sifana nemodeli yemibono yezokuvakasha yasemaphandleni," kusho uMnu Mingqua, ephawula ukuthi u-Anji manje usezama ukuheha isixuku samaMICE. “Sifuna osomabhizinisi abavakashela lapha uma benemihlangano bahlale ukuze babone ukuthi imikhiqizo yabo ivelaphi nokuthi yenziwa kanjani.” Ikomidi lezokuvakasha liphinde liqondise emindenini ukuze bathole ulwazi lwezolimo.

UDkt Ong Hong Peng uxoxe ngemikhiqizo yezokuvakasha yasezindaweni zasemakhaya futhi waveza ukuthi ukunikezwa okungenzeka kudlula yonke imikhakha. "Uhlu lwemikhiqizo luhluke kakhulu futhi lungafaka cishe yonke into," kusho lowo owayenguNobhala Jikelele woMnyango Wezokuvakasha Namasiko waseMalaysia. Wethule "indlu yezokuvakasha yasemakhaya enezingxenye eziyisithupha" enamagumbi okunethezeka okuthengekayo, izigigaba zemvelo, izingxenye ze-niche, imikhosi nemicimbi, amaMICE, namasiko namagugu.

UDkt Peng wabe eseletha indawo yokuhlala nendlela yokuphila kule ngxubevange. “Izindawo zokuhlala zibalulekile kwezokuvakasha ezindaweni zasemaphandleni, kodwa kufanele zibe namandla kakhulu...zisungule…ukwengeza inani…Kungaba kuzo zonke izindawo zokuhlala, njengoba abanye abantu befuna ubumfihlo.” Uphakamise "ingxube yendawo yokuhlala nokuhlala ekhaya".

IPhini likaMongameli we-Airbnb e-China u-An Li ungenelele ngenye indlela yendawo yokuhlala yezokuvakasha yasemaphandleni. “I-Airbnb iwukuvakasha 'konke okomuntu oyedwa' emnothweni wamasheya. Ukusabalalisa kungcono kunamahhotela, futhi ababungazi abaningi bangabamba iqhaza,” esho, enezela, “abakwa-Airbnb bahlala kabili isikhathi eside kunalabo abasendaweni yokuhlala yendabuko. Bavame ukuba ngabasebenzisa imali enkulu, futhi bafuna indawo yokuhlala enhle. ” UNkk Li waphawula ukuthi ukuqashwa okuphindaphindiwe okuvela kwa-Airbnb kuya kwabesifazane bendawo, intsha, kanye nabantu abadala.

China’s Naked Retreats presents luxury in nature alongside memorable rural experiences that positively impact communities. “Shanghai is crowded and smoggy, and people want to holiday outside the city,” said Tolga Unan, the chain’s general manager. “We employ and work with the locals and learn from them and about their lifestyle. Our aim is to preserve and complement, and not change.”

I-Conference Moderator kanye nomsingathi we-CCTV u-Bai Yansong uveze ukuthi ukuvakasha kwasemaphandleni akukona nje okwasemaphandleni. "Izindawo zasemadolobheni ziyashintsha zibe njengezindawo zasemakhaya, ngokwamukela indawo eluhlaza…Akuyona nje indawo yasemadolobheni ukuya emaphandleni…iwumgwaqo onezindlela ezimbili ezixhumanisayo futhi zihlanganyele."

Ingqungquthela ibe isishintshela engxoxweni yephaneli ethi “Ukwabelana Ngezwe”, eyaqhubeka nezethulo ezibalulekile. UNobhala Omkhulu we-UNWTO e-Asia Pacific, u-Xu Jing, uphawule ukuthi lesi sifunda sisephuzile kwezokuvakasha zasemaphandleni, futhi kufanele silungise imodeli endala ukuze sihlangabezane nesimo esisha somnotho. “Isipiliyoni kumele sibe yiqiniso. Isilungiselelo kungase kube umphakathi, kodwa ikhaya langempela ilungiselelo langempela.”

UMnu Jing wengeze ngokuthi, “Izivakashi zifuna ukwenza lokho okwenziwa abantu bendawo, futhi zifuna ukuhlanganisa indlela yazo yokuphila yasemadolobheni nezici zasemaphandleni…Impilo yasemaphandleni iyiphupho kubantu basemadolobheni. Bakhohlwe ukuthi kunjani…ukulalela imisindo yemvelo nokubona izinkanyezi.” Ubalule ukuthi abantu basemaphandleni, abathuthela edolobheni, bavame ukuvakashela amadolobha abo futhi bathathe umhlalaphansi khona.

UDkt Liu Feng, onguMeluleki Omkhulu weBeijing Davost Group, uqhubekile wathi, “Abahlali basedolobheni banomona ngalabo abavakashela noma ababuyela ezindaweni zasemakhaya.” Uphinde wathola umqondo kaMnu Yansong “wokubuyisela emuva intuthuko”, ebona ukukhula kwamadolobha asezindaweni zasemakhaya. “Izindawo zasemaphandleni azinangqondo, futhi abantu bafuna ukuvuselela impilo yesintu,” usho kanje. “Baxhumanisa ezokuvakasha zasemakhaya nempilo yasemadolobheni. Okomuntu siqu, okufana nomphakathi, futhi kulula.”

 

Ingxoxo yabuyela emaphandleni, njengoba iPhini likaSihlalo we-PATA uChris Bottrill eveze ukubambisana kuqhathaniswa nokuncintisana noma “i-co-optition”. "Ukuba nakho kokubili kuthuthukisa umkhiqizo," esho, ekhomba ubuqiniso bokuhlangenwe nakho nokwehlukanisa. "Kufanele sabelane ngezindlela esizifundayo naphakathi kwamazwe." Mayelana nezinselelo ezibhekene nokuthuthukiswa kwezokuvakasha ezindaweni zasemakhaya, uMnu Bottrill uthe uma usebenza nemiphakathi yasemakhaya, udinga isikhathi, ukwethenjwa, kanye nenhlonipho…“Akuyona nje i-'UNESCO' eheha izivakashi."

Ilungu leKomidi Lochwepheshe le-UNWTO uMadam Xu Fan uphakamise ukuthi “amagugu omhlaba” abe nokuthinta komuntu siqu, futhi wabheka esizukulwaneni esilandelayo ukuze sakhe imibono emisha. Mayelana nokushesha kwentuthuko uthe, “Ezokuvakasha zasemakhaya zifana nokutshala nokuvuna izitshalo. Idinga ukunakekelwa okuqhubekayo, futhi kufanele kugxilwe ebudlelwaneni bomlimi nezivakashi hhayi nje imali yabalimi. Ukuvakasha kwasemaphandleni kumayelana nendlela yokuphila yasemakhaya hhayi izingxenye zakhona.”

Umcwaningi Omkhulu we-UNWTO u-Omar Nawaz naye uxwayise ngokuthuthuka okusheshayo, njengoba kuthinta ikhwalithi. “Ukuhlela yinto eyodwa, kodwa ukuqaliswa kuthatha isikhathi. Udinga umqondo wesikhathi eside…ubudlelwano phakathi kwezindawo zasemakhaya nezokuvakasha jikelele,” esho, futhi waphakamisa ukufunda emaphutheni abanye. “Lalela ufunde. Ivumelane nesidingo esisha. Gxila ekuthuthukisweni okubandakanya wonke umuntu, futhi uthuthuke ukusuka kokunensayo kuye kokushesha. Inselelo yezokuvakasha ezindaweni zasemakhaya isekuthuthukeni ngokushesha okukhulu.”

UMnu Semone uqhathanise ukuthuthukiswa kwezokuvakasha ezindaweni zasemakhaya eYurophu ne-Asia Pacific. “Izokuvakasha zasemaphandleni zaseYurophu bezilokhu zithuthuka iminyaka engaphezu kweyikhulu, phakathi nenkathi yokwanda okukhulu kwabantu abasezingeni eliphakathi. I-Asia Pacific isineminyaka engu-100 kuya kwengama-20 kuphela, kodwa lokhu kuvula ithuba lohlelo olusha lwase-Asia,” kusho uMnu Semone. "Funda izifundo ezivela eYurophu, kodwa yenza intuthuko ihluke e-Asia."

UMnu Semone uphawule inkolelo yakhe yokuthi abantu base-Asia bayanqikaza ukusungula izinto ezintsha nakuba bebaningi abantu abanobuhlakani. “Abantu base-Asia bavame ukukopisha kunokuzama okuhlukile. Badinga imodeli yokuthuthukiswa kwe-Asian-centric eyengeziwe. Kaningi, amazwe ase-Asia abanjwa esigabeni se-copycat, njengeLaos. Asenze okuhlukile.”

UMnu Semone uphinde waxoxa “ngoMbiko Wokuthuthukiswa Kwezokuvakasha Zasemakhaya Zamazwe Ngamazwe: Umbono We-Asia Pacific”. "Lo mbiko uhlose ukukhombisa amandla ezokuvakasha zasemakhaya ezinawo ukusiza abantu ukuba babaleke ubumpofu, bathuthukise indlela yabo yokuziphilisa, futhi bahambe kancane emadolobheni."

Lo mbiko uchaza “ukuvakasha kwasemaphandleni” “njengesici esihlukile sakho kokubili ezokuvakasha ezisimeme nezinesibopho.” Imibandela ihlanganisa indawo yasemakhaya kanye nemisebenzi ehlala isemakhaya ngesilinganiso, ngokwesiko ngokwesimo, ekhula kancane futhi ngokuphilayo, futhi exhumene namabhizinisi amancane nemindeni yendawo.

Ukuvakasha kwasemaphandleni kungase kuhlanganise izingxenye ze-niche tourism ezifana ne-ecotourism, agro-tourism, kanye ne-geo-tourism. "Ezokuvakasha zasemakhaya aziyona ingxenye yemakethe elula futhi ebonakala kalula," kusho uMnu Semone.

Each of the report’s 14 case studies has a different theme, as the situations of their destinations vary. However, all analyze policy and planning, product development, and promotion, and social and economic impacts. A closing discussion investigates key challenges, opportunities, and lessons learned.

“Izifundo eziyisibonelo zibonisa ukuthi ngezimo nezimo ezifanele, ezokuvakasha zasemaphandleni zingakha imithombo emisha yemali engenayo emphakathini nasemazingeni asekhaya,” kusho uMnu Semone.

Ugcizelele isidingo sohlobo olusha lwe-PPP - ubudlelwano phakathi kwabantu-nomphakathi nezizimele - lapho bonke ababambiqhaza bemelwe khona. "Lona umqondo omusha ophonsela inselelo isimo esikhona somona wokuncintisana ovuna inzuzo ehlangene."

Umbiko uphetha ngokuthi izindawo zokuvakasha zasemakhaya zidinga ukwakha izinhlelo zebhizinisi ezinomthwalo wemfanelo nezisimeme kanye namasu okumaketha asebenzayo ahambisana nezimo zazo ezithile. UMnu Semone wafingqa, “Kunezindlela ezihlukene eziya enjongweni efanayo.”

Namuhla, uzocindezelwa kanzima ukuthola iphakheji yezokuvakasha yasemaphandleni kuwebhusayithi kaThomas Cook, kodwa izivakashi eziningi zakwamanye amazwe zifuna iholide lolwazi ezindaweni zase-Asia, futhi ezokuvakasha zasemaphandleni zibanikeza enye indlela yokuhlala emaphandleni enesibopho neyiqiniso.

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