IBugoma Forest kumele ihlale, kusho uMongameli wase-Uganda, kodwa abalondolozi bemvelo abakagubhi okwamanje

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Ngemuva komkhankaso oqhubekayo wesinqumo senkantolo sokuqashisa iBugoma Forest kuHoima Sugar Works ngenyanga edlule, uMengameli wase-Uganda uMuseveni usephakamise ukuthi iBugoma Forest kumele ihlale.

Lokhu kulandela isinqumo senkantolo esenziwe yiJaji leNkantolo eNkulu yaseMasindi, uWilson Masalu, sokuthi amahektha ayizi-6,000 XNUMX esiqiwi angabakwa-Omukama (inkosi yaseBunyoro), enika umbuso isandla samahhala sokuqashisela umhlaba iHoima Sugar Works ukuze ikhule ushukela.

Ngokusho kwephephandaba lansuku zonke i-New Vision, lesi sihloko sifike endlebeni kaMengameli ngesikhathi uNgqongqoshe wakhe wezeziMali, uMatiya Kasaija, ezwakalisa ukukhathazeka ngokunikezwa kwakhe esithangamini nabezindaba esabanjelwa eState Lodge Masindi ngoMeyi 15, 2019. “Umbuso wawuqasha Amamayela ayi-22 square ukuya eHoima Sugar, futhi iyasuswa; sizobhujiswa, ngoba lelo hlathi lenza imvula yeBunyoro, ”kusho ungqongqoshe ohloniphekile.

"Ngeke sikuvumele ukuthi kwenziwe lokho, sizoqinisekisa ukuthi siyakubuyisa," kuphendula uMongameli. Uyalele abantu abangene ezindaweni ezingamaxhaphozi zemvelo namahlathi ukuba baphume ngaphambi kokuba basuswe. "Ngenze konke okusemandleni ukugcina umfula iKatonga eduze kwepulazi lami eKisozi esifundeni iMbarara," esho.

Kusasele isonto nje, iNature Uganda yayihlele inkulumo yeningi yabalondolozi bemvelo ngokuyalelwa yi-Association of Uganda Tour Operators (AUTO) enesihloko esithi "The Status of Bugoma Central Forest Reserve: The Implication of the high court isinqumo that part of the forest be iguqulwe yaba insimu yomoba. ”

Abasebenzi bezokuvakasha babenovalo lokuthi izindawo ezikhangayo zokuvakasha kanye nendawo yokuhlala yezinkawu nezinyoni ziyancishiswa ngabantu abazikhohlisayo abazimisele ngokushintsha amahlathi ngotshani bomoba.

Ngamunye wayezwisa i-alamu emphakathini, kubandakanya noDon Afuna Adula osethathe umhlalaphansi; isazi senkomo uGaster Kiyingi; UFrank Muramuzi, uSihlalo, iNational Association of Professional Environmentalists; Achilles Byaruhanga, Umcondzisi Lomkhulu, eNature Uganda; noPauline N. Kalunda, uMqondisi Omkhulu, i-EcoTrust Uganda.

Kubuye kwamenywa uRonald Mwesigwa, uSihlalo, iBunyoro Land Board, obenikezwe umsebenzi wokuhlanza umoya ehlathini.

Uveze ukuthi lo mhlaba osesigodini obusenkabeni yedolobha iKyangwali wawuyingxenye yokhokho bezindawo zombuso ezibuyiselwe ezingaphandle kwesiqiwi sehlathi.

Ekuhlanganyeleni kwabo, lo mncintiswano waphikisana nabalondolozi bemvelo ukuthi isinqumo senkantolo sasisekelwe odabeni lobunikazi bomhlaba hhayi ekusetshenzisweni kwamahlathi.

UStephen Galima we-National Forestry Authority (NFA) wazabalaza ukuthola umqondo wokuthi kungani umbuso uzonikela ngomhlaba wokhokho bawo ukuze utshale umoba.

Lokho kusho ukuthi iBugoma Forest yashicilelwa njengehlathi ngo-1932 futhi amabalazwe e-cadastral nezinhlelo zemingcele ziyatholakala ukufakazela lokhu kufaka phakathi kwamahektha angama-6,000 aphikisanayo okukhulunywe ngawo.

NgokoMthetho Wezomhlaba ka-1998, amahlathi nezinqolobane azinakususwa ngaphandle kwemvume yePhalamende. Ngokuqashisa ihlathi kuHoima Sugar Ltd., uMbuso waseBunyoro Kitara ushintsha ukusetshenziswa kwawo komhlaba okuyinto engekho emthethweni.

Eminyakeni emine eyedlule, i-Association for the Conservation of Bugoma Forest ACBF ehlele ukugadwa kwamahlathi isivele ibhekene nolaka lwabagawuli bama-mafia abathi, ngokusho kukaSihlalo we-ACBF uConstantino Tessarin, uFlorence Kyaligonza uzimisele ngokuthola imali ngokuthengisa lokhuni ngandlela-thile.

Akubona bonke embusweni waseBunyoro Kitara abavumelana nalesi sinqumo, kubalwa noNgqongqoshe wezeMfundo kulo mbuso, uDkt Asiimwe Florence Akiiki, osole izinkinga zombuso kwikhabhinethi eyedlule. Ngonyaka odlule nje, u-Omukama waseBunyoro, u-His Majesty Rukirabasaija Agutamba Solomon Gafabusa Iguru, waxosha iKhabhinethi laphambilini ngezinsolo zokubandakanyeka kwamanye amalungu alo ekuthengisweni okungabazisayo kwezakhiwo zombuso, ukungakwazi ukusebenza kahle nokuhlukumeza izikhundla.

Babengasithola kanjani lesi sicoco ngo-Agasti 1 futhi cishe ngaso leso sikhathi basiqasha ngo-Agasti 5, bezibuza uFrank Muramusi, uSihlalo, uSihlalo, iNAPE, owayebonakala ethukuthele, ebona ukuthi yona leyo nkampani eyayifuna ukuthatha iMabira Forest manje isisemuva kweBugoma Forest, ithi “umuntu wayengalele. ”

Ezingxenyeni zokubuyisana, ochwepheshe beluleke ukuthi umbuso kufanele uhlole ezinye izindlela zokuthola imali ehlathini kufaka phakathi ukuthengiswa kwamakhredithi ekhabhoni kusukela amahlathi eqinisa uwoyela kubandakanya iTilenga enyakatho neKingfisher block ngaseningizimu.

Okunye ukusetshenziswa okuphakanyisiwe embusweni kwakuvela ekuvakasheni kwe-ecotourism ngoba ihlathi liyindawo yezimfene, ezinye izinkawu, nezinyoni, futhi ngumhubhe wezilwane zasendle ezifudukayo phakathi kweMurchison Falls National Park nokusuka ehlathini laseBudongo kuya eSemiliki Wildlife Reserve. Leli hlathi liphinde libe yindawo enkulu yokugcina iLake Albert lapho umfula iNkusi nemifudlana yawo igeleza khona. Umbuso ungabuye utshale imali ku-ecolodging; njengamanje iBugoma Jungle Lodge entsha isehlathini kodwa izothikamezeka kakhulu uma ihlathi lingavikelwe ababambe iqhaza.

Kuze kube manje, u-Joan Akiza Legal Officer kanye ne-Policy Officer, i-NAPE, bacele ukuthi kwenziwe ucwaningo oluyisisekelo ngaleli hlathi, ikakhulukazi nge-Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) ukuze yonke imininingwane edingekayo yokusekela impikiswano yabo itholakale.

Kusukela ngesitatimende sikaMongameli, esalandela isithembiso sakhe eMbusweni waseBunyoro sokuthi iHoima Sugar Works kufanele ibuyiselwe lo mhlaba oqashiwe, abezemvelo abajabule, bethi iHoima Sugar Works kufanele ishushiswe ngokuthola umhlaba ngokungemthetho, manje abakhokhi bentela kumele funa izimali ozisebenzele kanzima ukukhokhela lokhu; ukuthi lokhu nje kuyipolitiki njengoba selibheke okhethweni, kusho isazi senkomo uGaster Kiyingi.

Ngenkathi efundisa, uDon Afuna Adula wakubiza lokhu ngokuthi “ubuMongameli” ebhekise kuzo zonke izindaba futhi waphikisana ngokuthi lokho kugcina sekuholwa uMongameli ukuba asho izwi lokugcina.

Izinsolo zabo azenzeki ngoba izithombe zesigandaganda esifanayo ezathathwa eMabira Forest zanikezwa ngo-2007 zisekelwa ngokusobala nguMongameli, zakhonjwa ngokusobala njengeziqu ezifanayo "zamacala" okubhalwe amapuleti afanayo okubhaliswa nombala osanda kubonwa ususa iBugoma. Kuyaqondakala ukuthi kukhona “ukuthula okukhulu” okuvela kumalungu ePhalamende uMhlonishwa uBetty Anywar, owayeyisishoshovu esiphikisayo seForamu for Democratic Change (FDC) nesishoshovu esazitholela udumo ngokulwela imibhikisho emelene nokunikezwa kweMbira Forest ethola igama lesidlaliso elithi “Mama Mabira” kodwa manje selokhu sawela eqenjini elibusayo leNational Resistance Movement (NRM).

Isimo esikhona njengamanje ukuthi umsebenzi wokugawulwa kwehlathi wamiswa ngoMeyi 1 njengoba i-NFA yayingasitholanga isaziso esisemthethweni ngesikhathi kuthunyelwa amaphoyisa kanzima. Ngokudabukisayo, ihektha elilodwa selivele lisuliwe.

Abanye bafuna ukwelula umkhankaso wokuduba uHoima Sugar, bazi ukuthi inkampani yabazali, iRai International, ikhonjelwe ukuphathwa ngendlela efanayo, ipolitiki, kanye nokuthathwa ngenkani kwabaphikisana nabo ebhizinisini lezingodo ezweni elingumakhelwane laseKenya, esivele isibhamu sokubhema imiklamo yabo engemuva .

Izwe lilahlekelwe ngamahlathi angama-65% kule minyaka engama-40 edlule futhi liyaqhubeka nokulahlekelwa amahektha ayi-100,000 minyaka yonke. Ngaleli zinga, ngeke kube khona ikhava lehlathi kungakapheli iminyaka engama-20. Imiphumela yokuguquguquka kwesimo sezulu seyivele iyavela kufaka phakathi noMongameli onguye uqobo ongumfuyi wezinkomo okhuthele; okunye ukuphumula kwabalondolozi bemvelo.

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