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Umlando Wehhotela: IShelton Hotel New York Ikhomba Indlela Yesikhathi Esizayo

IShelton Hotel

Zimbalwa izakhiwo zamabhilidi ezazithandwa njengeHotele leShelton lango-1924 eLexington Avenue naku-49th Street, manje osekuthiwa yiNew York Marriott East Side.

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  1. Abagxeki bavumile ukuthi isithombe sayo esihle esinezitezi ezingama-35 nokuklanywa kokuhlehlela emuva okungavamile kukhombe indlela yekusasa lomakhi wezakhiwo.
  2. IShelton yakhiwa ngonjiniyela onobungcweti ngokwakha uJames T. Lee, owayephethe nezindlu ezimbili zikanokusho: 998 Fifth Avenue ka 1912 kanye no 740 Park Avenue ka 1930.
  3. Wayenguyisemkhulu kaJacqueline Kennedy Onassis, owazalwa nguJacqueline Lee Bouvier.

Umbono kaMnu Lee kwakuyihhotela lama-bachelor elinamakamelo ayi-1,200 elinezici zohlobo lweklabhu: ichibi lokubhukuda, izinkantolo zesikwashi, amakamelo amabhiliyade, i-solarium nesibhedlela. INew York World ngo-1923 yathi iShelton izoba yisakhiwo sokuhlala eside kunazo zonke emhlabeni.

Umdwebi wamapulani, u-Arthur Loomis Harmon, umboze lo msindo ngezitini ezingaphuzi ezenziwa ngo-ophuzi, zacwebezela kwangathi zinamakhulu eminyaka zikhona, futhi wadweba eRomanesque, eByzantine, e-Christian yokuqala, eLombard nakwezinye izitayela. Kodwa abagxeki bahlabeka umxhwele kakhulu ngokuthi ikhumbula “akukho sitayela sokwakha esedlule,” njengoba umculi uHugh Ferriss akubeka kuChristian Science Monitor ngo-1923.

IShelton ibingelinye lamabhilidi okuqala ukuthatha ifomu lawo kusuka kumthetho wokuklanywa komhlaba we-1916 owawudinga ukubuyela emuva ezindaweni eziphakeme ezithile ukuqinisekisa ukukhanya nomoya emgwaqweni. Lokho kwenze kwehluka kakhulu emahhotela amade e-boxy aklanyelwe ngaphambi koshintsho lokuklanywa, njenge-1919 Hotel Pennsylvania, maqondana nePennsylvania Station.

“Isakhiwo esihle, esidonsa umoya,” kusho uHelen Bullitt Lowry noWilliam Carter Halbert kuThe New York Times ngo-1924. Umgxeki uLewis Mumford, ngokwesiko wayevama ukuncoma, wasibiza ngokuthi “siyaduduza, sihamba, sihle, njengeZeppelin ngaphansi isibhakabhaka esikhanyayo ”kumagazini i-Commonweal ngo-1926.

Idizayini yombono inemikhawulo yayo, noma kunjalo, futhi izindlu zangaphakathi zikaMnu Harmon zibukeka zehluke kakhulu kwamanye amahhotela amakhulu ngalesosikhathi: amalounge amakhulu ahlanganiswe ngamapulangwe, igumbi lokudlela elinophahla olunamapulangwe namapaseji amade anezimbobo. Ingxenye yesithathu yamakamelo ibinamagumbi okuhlanganyela, okumele ngabe abanga izinkinga ngasekupheleni kuka-1924, lapho abakwaShelton beguqula inqubomgomo yabo yamadoda kuphela. Igalari ephakeme yazungeza ichibi elingaphansi, elalihlotshiswe ngothayela opholile.

Kusukela ngo-1925 kuya ku-1929, uGeorgia O'Keeffe wayehlala esitezi sama-30 eShelton Hotel nomyeni wakhe, umthwebuli wezithombe u-Alfred Stieglitz. Ngaphandle kokungenzeka kwe-Hotel Chelsea, kunzima ukucabanga ngenye New York City Ihhotela elinomthelela omkhulu kumculi, ikakhulukazi ihhotela okungenzeka awukaze uzwe ngalo.

Ukuphakama phezu kweLexington Avenue phakathi kuka-48th no-49th Street, leli zitezi ezingama-31, elinamakamelo ayi-1,200 1923, iShelton Hotel labongwa njengendawo yokuhlala ende kunazo zonke emhlabeni lapho livulwa ngo-XNUMX. kwabesilisa abanendawo yokubhowula, amatafula amabhiliyade, izinkantolo zesikwashi, indawo yokugunda izinwele nedamu lokubhukuda.

Okungakaze kube nokungabaza ukubaluleka kwesakhiwo. Ngesisekelo selimestone esinezitezi ezimbili kanye nezingqinamba ezintathu zezitini ezikhuphukela embhoshongweni ophakathi nendawo, iShelton yayiqhekeka. Abagxeki bakuthatha njengesakhiwo sokuqala ukufeza ngempumelelo izidingo zomkhawulo zangonyaka we-1916 ezazibeka izithiyo ukugcina abakhi bamabhilidi bengabi yizimboni zamehlo.

I-Empire State Building ingesinye nje sezakhiwo iShelton eyazithonya. Ngasekupheleni kuka-1977, umhlaziyi wezokwakha waseNew York Times u-Ada Louse Huxtable wamemezela ukuthi leli hhotela "liyisakhiwo esinezakhiwo ezinkulu eNew York."

U-O'Keeffe ubengeke acele isitudiyo esime kahle. Ukusuka lapho ayelala khona emoyeni, wayekujabulela ukubuka izinyoni ngomfula okunganqandeki, kanye nesivuno sedolobha esikhulayo sabakhi bamabhilidi. NjengoCharles Demuth, uCharles Sheeler nabanye abaculi bangesikhathi sakhe, u-O'Keeffe wayehlatshwa umxhwele ngabakhi bamabhilidi njengophawu lwesimanjemanje sasemadolobheni, isimiso esiyisisekelo sePrecisionism, isitayela sobuciko sanamuhla sePost-World War I esasibungaza indawo entsha yaseMelika enamandla amabhuloho , amafektri namabhilidi.

Eboshwe endaweni yakhe yaseShelton, u-O'Keeffe wadala okungenani imidwebo engama-25 nemidwebo yamabhilidi amakhulu kanye nama-cityscapes. Phakathi kokudume kakhulu kwakhe kukhona i- “Radiator Building — Night, New York,” umgubho onekhono we-skyscraper mystique — kanye ne-American Radiator Building yaseMelika emnyama nesagolide manje ebizwa ngeBryant Park Hotel.

U-Arthur Loomis Harmon, umakhi weShelton, uqhubeke nokusiza ukuklama i-Empire State Building. (Wakha ne-Allerton House, ihhotela eliphakeme lokuhlala laseNew York ngo-1916).

Kepha udumo lukaShelton lwadubula phezulu ngemuva kokuvakashela echibini lokubhukuda elingaphansi ngo-1926 ngumculi ophunyukayo uHarry Houdini. Uvalwe ebhokisini elingafakwanga emoyeni, elifana nebhokisi (noma ngabe lifakwe ngocingo uma kwenzeka kuba nesimo esiphuthumayo), uHoudini wehliselwa echibini lapho elale khona wacwiliswa ihora nesigamu. Uvele ngesikhathi esimisiwe, ediniwe kodwa esaphila. "Noma ngubani angakwenza," utshele iThe New York Times.

Yize umlando wayo onemibalabala uhlukile ngokwakhiwa kwezakhiwo, iShelton, njengoba kunjalo cishe kuwo wonke amahhotela asebekhulile awasathandwa. Kwakunabahlali besikhathi esigcwele abayi-11 kuphela phakathi nawo-1970. Ngo-1978 yaba yiHalloran yendawo eyayidliwe. Uqashe uStephen B. Jacobs ukuba akhe kabusha izindlu zangaphakathi, anciphise inani lamakamelo laba ngu-650.

Ngo-2007 yayiphethwe nguMorgan Stanley owadlulisela ukusebenza kwiNkampani iMarriott.

I-Superstructures yenkampani yokwakha nobunjiniyela inomkhankaso omkhulu wokulungiswa kwangaphandle okwenziwayo. URichard Moses, umqambi wezakhiwo ophethe lo msebenzi, uthi imininingwane ephezulu kaMnu Harmon, kufaka phakathi amakhanda, imaski, ama-griffins nama-gargoyles, ngokuvamile ayiphelele, yize kuningi okushayiwe ikakhulukazi yizakhi kushintshiwe.

UMnu. Moses uthe uMnu uHarmon wenza izindonga zincike kancane, ukunika uShelton ukuqina okukhulu. Umphumela, obonakala kancane phezulu, ubonakala ezingeni lomhlabathi.

Ingaphakathi langempela lehhotela le-1924 linciphe izingcezu, njengehholo lezitebhisi elingakwesokudla kwendawo yokwamukela izivakashi enkulu. Izinkantolo zesikwashi sezihambile; endaweni yabo kukhona igumbi lokuzivocavoca esitezi sama-35 esinokubukwa okumangazayo kuyo yonke indlela nxazonke. Leli hhotela liqambe amakamelo ngo-Arthur Loomis Harmon, Alfred Stieglitz noGeorgia O'Keeffe.

UStanley Turkel waqokwa njengo-2020 Historian of the Year yi-Historic Hotels of America, uhlelo olusemthethweni lweNational Trust for Historic Preservation, abebizwa ngalo phambilini ngo-2015 nango-2014. UTurkel ungumeluleki wamahhotela osakazwa kakhulu e-United States. Usebenzisa umkhuba wakhe wokubonisana nehhotela osebenza njengofakazi oyingcweti ezimweni ezihlobene namahhotela, enikeza ukuphathwa kwempahla nokubonisana ngamahhotela okuhweba ngezimali. Uqinisekiswe njenge-Master Hotel Supplier Emeritus yi-Educational Institute ye-American Hotel and Lodging Association. [i-imeyili ivikelwe] 917-628-8549

Incwadi yakhe entsha ethi "Great American Hotel Architects Volume 2" isanda kushicilelwa.

Ezinye Izincwadi Ezishicilelwe Zehhotela:

• Amahhotela Amakhulu AseMelika: Amaphayona Omkhakha Wehhotela (2009)

• Yakhelwe Ukugcina: Amahhotela Aneminyaka Engu-100 + eNew York (2011)

Yakhelwe Ukugcina: Amahhotela Aneminyaka Engu-100 + Aneminyaka Emidala Empumalanga YeMississippi (2013)

• Ihhotela Mavens: uLucius M. Boomer, uGeorge C. Boldt, u-Oscar waseWaldorf (2014)

• IGreat American Hoteliers Volume 2: Amaphayona Emboni Yehhotela (2016)

• Yakhelwe Ukugcina: Amahhotela Aneminyaka Engu-100 + Aneminyaka Emidala ENtshonalanga yeMississippi (2017)

• I-Hotel Mavens Volume 2: UHenry Morrison Flagler, uHenry Bradley Plant, uCarl Graham Fisher (2018)

• Abakhi Bamahhotela Abakhulu baseMelika uMqulu I (2019)

• Ihhotela Mavens: IVolumu 3: UBob noLarry Tisch, uRalph Hitz, uCesar Ritz, uCret Strand

Zonke lezi zincwadi zinga-odwa kwa-AuthorHouse ngokuvakashela bnokuthul.com  nokuchofoza isihloko sencwadi.

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IStanley Turkel CMHS hotel-online.com

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