Amawayini – Chenin Blanc Isexwayiso: Ukusuka Yummy kuya Yucky

UChenin Blanc

I-Chenin Blanc imvini enganakiwe. Kungani? Ngoba kuyinselelo enkulu kuneChardonnay noma iSauvignon Blanc ukukhula nokwenza iwayini. Igilebhisi lidinga inhlanganisela ecishe iphelele yenhlabathi nesimo sezulu, futhi kuyinselele kumenzi wewayini ukulinganisa i-oki nezinye izinketho zokuthuthukisa ukunambitheka.

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Amagilebhisi ayingxenye yamawayini amajeke asuka eCalifornia futhi atholakala ewayinini elimhlophe elivela eNingizimu Afrika… kuseLoire Valley kuphela lapho igama elithi Vouvray lifinyelela khona ngokugcwele - lisuka ku-steel kuya elimnandi kakhulu. Kudingeka ukuqapha kancane: ukuthola i-Vouvray kulebula akuqinisekisi i-Chenin Blanc enhle. Ukuze uvimbele i-OOPS, khetha kubakhiqizi abahamba phambili.

•             2019 Domaine Pinon, Vouvray, Sec. 100% Chenin Blanc

I-Vouvray yiwayini elimhlophe elisuselwa kumagilebhisi e-Chenin Blanc alinywa osebeni lomfula i-Loire esifundeni saseTouraine eFrance, empumalanga yedolobha iTours, endaweni yaseVouvray. I-Appellation d'Origine controlee (AOC) inikezelwe ngokukhethekileyo ku-Chenin Blanc, i-Arbois yamagilebhisi angacacile futhi amancane avunyelwe (kodwa akuvamile ukusetshenziswa).

Usuku lokugcina lokuvuna kwe-PINON ngeminyaka yama-30s

I-Viticulture inomlando omude kule ndawo futhi ihlehlela emuva eNkathini Ephakathi (noma ngaphambili) lapho

ISonto LamaKatolika lalihlanganisa izivini ezindlini zezindela zendawo. Igilebhisi laziwa nangokuthi i-Pineau de la Loire futhi kungenzeka ukuthi lavela esifundeni sewayini sase-Anjou ngekhulu le-9 futhi lathuthela eVouvray.

 Ngekhulu le-16 nele-17 abathengisi baseDutch babeqondisa ukutshalwa kwezivini endaweni ezosetshenziselwa ukuhweba ngewayini nezimakethe eLondon, eParis naseRotterdam. Amagilebhisi asuka endaweni yeTouraine ahlanganiswa abe yingxube enkulu ebizwa ngokuthi i-Vouvray. Izinqolobane zewayini zakhiwa kusuka emihumeni eyakhiwe kusukela kumbiwa amatshe e-tuffeau (i-limestone) asetshenziselwa ukwakha i-Chateaux yase-Loire Valley. Izinga lokushisa elibandayo, elizinzile lama-cellars lalilungile ekuthuthukisweni kwamawayini acwebezelayo enziwe ohlelweni lwendabuko lwe-champenoise futhi laduma ngekhulu le-18 nele-19. IVouvray yaba yi-AOC ngo-1936 futhi ihlanganisa idolobhana laseVouvray kanye nemizana engu-8 eseduze (Chancay, Nouzilly, Vernou-sur-Brenne kanye neRochecorbon).

Isifunda saseVouvray sitholakala phezulu kwethafa, elihlakazwe imifudlana emincane nemingenela ye-Loire. Imifudlana inomthelela esimweni sezulu esiyingqayizivele esikhuthaza ukukhula kwe-Botrytis cinerea fungus ebangela ukubola okuhle okusetshenziselwa ukukhiqiza iwayini elimnandi le-dessert.

Isimo sezulu sisezwekazini elikhulu elinamandla olwandle asuka e-Atlantic Ocean nakuba itholakala ngaphezu kwamamayela ayi-100 ukuya entshonalanga. Amawayini ancike esimweni sezulu ngokushintshashintsha okukhulu kwevintage unyaka nonyaka ngenxa yesimo sezulu esishintshashintshayo. Iminyaka epholile yesimo sezulu ishintsha ingxenye enkulu yokukhiqizwa iye ezindleleni ezomile zewayini okuhlanganisa ne-Vouvray ecwebezelayo. Iminyaka yesimo sezulu esifudumele ikhuthaza ukukhiqizwa kwamawayini amnandi, esitayela se-dessert.

Indawo esenyakatho nezimo zezulu ezipholile zenza isivuno eVouvray sibe esinye sezokugcina ukuqedwa eFrance, kuvame ukuqhubekela phambili ngoNovemba. Izitayela ze-Vouvray zisukela kokomile kuye kokumnandi futhi ezimile kuye kokucwebezelayo futhi eziphawuleka ngamaphunga amnandi ezimbali kanye nokunambitheka okugqamile.

Imibala isukela kutshani obuphakathi nendawo (kumawayini acwebezelayo) kuye kububanzi obuphuzi kuye kwesagolide elijulile (ku-Moellex emnandi endala). Ngokuvamile, umngcele wamaphunga ohlangothini oluthambile lokushubile futhi uthumele amacebo epheya, i-honeysuckle, i-quince ne-apula (okuluhlaza/ophuzi) ekhaleni. Kungase kube namacebo athambile ejinja nengcina yezinyosi (okusikisela ukuba khona kokubola okuhle… cabanga ngo-Sauterne). Ama-flavour olwangeni asukela kokuncika, okomile kanye nokusamaminerali kuya kwesithelo kanye noshukela (kuye ngesitayela).

I-Sec iveza iwayini elomile (ngaphansi kuka-8 g/L kashukela oyinsalela; uhlobo olome kakhulu lwe-Vouvray) futhi livamise ukushesha futhi lilethe ubuncane obuncane.

Izivini zasePinon zibhekwa njengezinhle kakhulu esifundeni saseVouvray futhi eziphethwe umndeni kusukela ngo-1786. U-Francois Pinon waqala umsebenzi wakhe wokuba isazi sokusebenza kwengqondo yezingane, ethatha ifa kuyise (1987). U-Pinon uthathwa njengomenzi wewayini ozimisele futhi ukugxila kwakhe ku-organic viticulture kanye nokungenelela okuncane ekwenzeni iwayini. Ifa njengamanje liqondiswa nguJulien Pinon.

Izivini zitholakala e-Vallee de Cousse lapho inhlabathi yobumba ne-silica ivala isisekelo se-limestone nge-flint (silex). I-Pinon ilandela uhlelo oluhlanganisa ukulima kwesivini, ukugwema umanyolo wamakhemikhali nezibulala-zinambuzane kanye nokuvuna ngesandla. Zonke izitshalo ezintsha zenziwa ngokukhetha inqwaba (igama lesiFulentshi lokukhulisa iwayini lokutshalwa kabusha kwezivini ezintsha ezisikwe emivini emidala ehlukile endaweni efanayo noma engumakhelwane); awekho ama-clones e-nursery asetshenziswa. Izivini zakhe zilinganiselwa ku-25 y/o. Ifa laqinisekiswa njenge-organic ngo-2011.

Ukuvutshelwa kotshwala kwenzeka emiphongolweni yokhuni futhi endala kunsimbi engagqwali noma ama-foudres (amabhokisi amakhulu, cishe ubukhulu obuphindwe kabili be-barrique Bordelaise) ukuze kufinyelelwe ibhalansi phakathi kwezithelo nokunciphisa. Kukhona i-racking eyodwa yokukhipha ama-lees asindayo futhi iwayini lihlala ku-lees yayo emihle kuze kube yilapho ibhodlela, elithatha izinyanga ezingu-12 ngemva kokuvuna ukuqedela iwayini. U-Pinon uwahlunga ngobumnene amawayini akhe ukuze aqinisekise ukuzinza kwawo kanye namandla okuguga.

I-Pinon ikhetha amahektha angu-0.6 ezindawo eziyisicaba, eziyisa phambili ngobumba ukuze kufakwe amabhodlela amasekhondi. Umvini uphakathi kweminyaka engama-40 ubudala. Isithelo sivunwa ngesandla, sihlungwe kahle futhi sicindezelwe iqoqo lonke. Ijusi igeleza ngamandla adonsela phansi emathange okuvutshelwa kwemvubelo yomdabu okuzenzakalelayo okuthatha izinyanga ezingu-2-3 ime ngokwemvelo egumbini elibandayo le-Pinon eliqoshwe egqumeni le-tuffeau. Iwayini liguga ku-fine lees izinyanga ezi-4-5 ekuxubeni kwe-oki esetshenzisiwe kusukela ku-500-litre oak demi-muids kuya ku-20-hectoliter foudres. 

•             2019 Amanothi e-Domaine Pinon

Iveza okuphuzi okuphaphathekile emehlweni futhi iletha okusawolintshi ne-apula eliphuzi ekhaleni kanye nokusikisela kwekhasi likalamula nekhasi eliwolintshi. Ulwanga luthola izithelo ezithuthukisiwe izinongo namawolintshi. Isiphetho eside siletha i-minerality elinganiselayo futhi ecwengisisiwe. Ihambisana kahle ne-salmon ne-tuna.

© UDkt Elinor Garely. Lo mbhalo we-copyright, ofaka nezithombe, awunakukhiqizwa kabusha ngaphandle kwemvume ebhaliwe evela kumbhali.

Funda Ingxenye 1 lapha: Ukufunda ngamawayini e-Loire Valley ngeSonto le-NYC

Funda Ingxenye 2 lapha: Amawayini aseFrance: Ukukhiqizwa Okubi Kakhulu Kusukela ngo-1970

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