Umnotho Womhlaba Ovulekile: Ingabe I-China Inayo Impendulo?

Ibhalwe ngu umhleli

Umnotho wesibili ngobukhulu emhlabeni wenze kanjani ukukhula naphezu kwezinselele ezihlanganisa ukuqubuka kabusha kwezifo eziwubhubhane kanye nesimo esinzima sangaphandle?

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I-World Economic Forum's (WEF) Global Risks Report ixwayise ngokuthi ukuntengantenga komnotho kuyinselelo enkulu esaqhubeka nobhubhane lwe-COVID-19. Kodwa-ke, iChina ifaka ukuzethemba emnothweni womhlaba ngemininingwane esemthethweni ekhishwe ngoMsombuluko ekhombisa ukukhula komnotho okuzinzile ngo-2021.          

Ukwakha umnotho womhlaba ovulekile, ukwamukela ukubambisana ukulwa nalolu bhubhane, kanye nokuvuselela intuthuko yomhlaba wonke - izici ezintathu eziqokonyiswe enkulumweni kaMongameli waseChina uXi Jinping eseshini ye-WEF ngoMsombuluko - ziyizinkomba zempendulo, kanye nezixazululo kwezinye izinto ezinkulu emhlabeni. izinselele.

Indlela yokukhuthaza ukusimama komnotho womhlaba?

Ukuze kugqugquzelwe inqubekelaphambili eqinile futhi eqinile ekuvuseleleni umnotho womhlaba, u-Xi uthe amazwe kufanele ahlole izinto ezintsha ezithuthukisa ukukhula komnotho, izindlela ezintsha zempilo yomphakathi kanye nezindlela ezintsha zokushintshisana kwabantu.

“Kufanele sisuse imigoqo, singagxumi izindonga. Kufanele sivule, singavali. Kufanele sifune ukuhlanganiswa, hhayi ukuhlukanisa. Lena yindlela yokwakha umnotho womhlaba ovulekile,” usho kanje.

Iminotho emikhulu kufanele ibone umhlaba njengomphakathi owodwa futhi ikhulise ukubonakala kwenqubomgomo, amazwe amakhulu athuthukile kufanele athathe izinqubomgomo zezomnotho ezinomthwalo wemfanelo futhi alawule ukuchitheka kwenqubomgomo, futhi izikhungo zezomnotho nezezimali zamazwe ngamazwe kufanele zidlale indima yazo eyakhayo ukuvimbela izingozi zesistimu, wengeza.

U-Xi uphinde wagcizelela ukwenziwa kwemithetho ejwayelekile nesebenzayo yobuhlakani bokwenziwa kanye nomnotho wedijithali, nokudala indawo evulekile, enobulungisa nengabandlululi yokusungula izinto ezintsha zesayensi nezobuchwepheshe.

Mayelana neqhaza nemizamo yeChina phakathi nalolu hlelo, uthe izwe lizoqhubeka nokuphishekela intuthuko esezingeni eliphezulu, lizibophezele ekuguquleni nasekuvuleni amathuba, futhi lamukele zonke izinhlobo zemali ezizosebenza eChina ukuze zibambe iqhaza elihle ekuthuthukisweni kwezwe. .

"Sinethemba elikhulu ngekusasa lomnotho waseShayina," esho, egqamisa ukuqina okuqinile, amandla amakhulu kanye nokusimama komnotho waseChina isikhathi eside.

Khonamanjalo, ugcizelele ukuthi i-China ngeke ikhulise umnotho wayo ngezindleko zokucekelwa phansi kwezinsiza kanye nokucekelwa phansi kwemvelo, futhi izofeza izwi layo ukuze kuzuzwe inani eliphakeme lekhabhoni kanye nokungathathi hlangothi kwekhabhoni.

Indlela yokunqoba ubhubhane?

"Ukuzethemba okuqinile nokubambisana kumele ukuphela kwendlela efanele yokunqoba lo bhubhane," esho, echaza isisombululo.

Amazwe adinga ukubambisana ocwaningweni nasekuthuthukisweni kwemithi, futhi "asebenzise ngokugcwele imigomo njengesikhali esinamandla," egcizelela ukuqinisekiswa kokusatshalaliswa ngokulinganayo kwemithi yokugoma, ukusheshisa ukugoma kanye nokuvala igebe lokugoma emhlabeni wonke.

I-China izohlinzeka ngemithamo eyizigidi eziyizinkulungwane eziyi-1 emazweni ase-Afrika, okuhlanganisa imithamo eyizigidi ezingama-600 njengomnikelo, futhi inikele imithamo eyizigidi eziyi-150 kumalungu e-Association of Southeast Asia Nations, umemezele.

Ungayithuthukisa kanjani intuthuko yomhlaba?

I-Global Development Initiative iyinhlese yomphakathi evulekele umhlaba wonke, kanti i-China isimi ngomumo ukusebenzisana namanye amazwe ukwenza ngokubambisana lolu hlelo ezenzweni ezibambekayo, kusho u-Xi, ecela imizamo yokuvala ukuhlukana kwentuthuko kanye nokuvuselela intuthuko emhlabeni.

Uhlongoze lolu hlelo - olugqamisa ukuqondisa kwentuthuko emhlabeni wonke ukuya esigabeni esisha sokukhula okulinganayo, okuhlelekile nokubandakanya wonke umuntu lapho kubhekene nokushaqeka okukhulu kobhubhane lwe-COVID-19 - ngoSepthemba 2021.

Ukuvikela, unilateralism, kanye nemikhuba yobugovu kanye nobuxhwanguxhwangu “kuphambene negagasi lomlando,” waxwayisa.

"Indlela eyiyo eya phambili ngesintu intuthuko enokuthula kanye nokubambisana okuphumelelayo," esho.

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umhleli

Umhleli omkhulu we-eTurboNew nguLinda Hohnholz. Uzinze e-eTN HQ e-Honolulu, e-Hawaii.

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