I-Cambodia Iqala Unyaka Omusha Ezibophezele Ekungathathi hlangothi Kwekhabhoni ngo-2050

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I-Cambodia iqala unyaka omusha njengesizwe sokuqala eNingizimu-mpumalanga ye-Asia ukushicilela uhlelo lokuzuza ukungathathi hlangothi kwekhabhoni ngo-2050. Imephu yomgwaqo, eyaziwa ngokusemthethweni ngokuthi “Isu lesikhathi eside le-Carbon Neutrality (LTS4CN)”, yathunyelwa kuNgqungquthela Yezizwe Ezihlangene. Ngokushintsha Kwesimo Sezulu (UNFCCC) ngomhla zingama-30 kuZibandlela wezi-2021.

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Lokhu kugcwalise isithembiso sikaNdunankulu u-Hun Sen sokwethula lolu hlelo ekupheleni kuka-2021 futhi kwalandela ngemuva kwesithembiso sikahulumeni wakhe, e-COP26 Glasgow ngoNovemba odlule, sokunciphisa ukukhishwa kwegesi ebamba ukushisa eCambodia ngamaphesenti angaphezu kwama-40 wamazinga amaphakathi. ngo-2030.

“Ukusetshenziswa kwesu lokungathathi hlangothi kwekhabhoni eCambodia kulindeleke ukuthi kwenyuse i-GDP yezwe lethu cishe ngamaphesenti amathathu futhi kudaleke amathuba emisebenzi angaba ngu-3 ngo-449,000,” kusho uSay Samal, uNgqongqoshe Wezemvelo WaseCambodia. "Izinguquko zomkhakha wamahlathi, ukuchithwa kwezinhlelo zezokuthutha kanye nokukhuthazwa kwezinqubo zokukhiqiza ezolimo ezinekhabhoni ephansi nezimpahla kuzoholela emnothweni oluhlaza kanye nokuchuma okuzinzile kwawo wonke umuntu."

Ungqongqoshe uSamal uyayitusa imizamo kahulumeni wakhe, uMnyango wezeMvelo, kanye naleyo yoMkhandlu Kazwelonke waseCambodia Wentuthuko Eqhubekayo ngokuzibophezela ukwenza okungaphezu kokubhala phansi. “Ezikhathini ezinhle nezimbi, uNdunankulu u-Hun Sen ufakazele ukuthi ungumuntu wezwi lakhe, futhi ngiyaziqhenya ngokulandela isibonelo sakhe” kusho uSamal. "I-Cambodia inesibopho esiqinile sokwenza ingxenye yayo, ngokubambisana nezizwe ezithuthuke kakhulu, ukuze kutholakale ukukhishwa kwe-net-zero carbon dioxide ngo-2050."

I-Cambodia's "Long-term strategy for Carbon Neutrality (LTS4CN)" yakhelwe ukuba ibe indlela yokusebenzisana efuna ukulinganisa ukukhula komnotho kanye nobulungiswa bezenhlalakahle kanye nokunciphisa igesi ebamba ukushisa kanye nokumelana nesimo sezulu. Uhlelo lwe-Cambodia Climate Change Alliance (luxhaswe yi-European Union, Sweden, kanye ne-United Nations Development Program), i-United Kingdom, iBhange Lomhlaba, Inhlangano Yezokudla Nezolimo yeNhlangano Yezizwe Ezihlangene, iGlobal Green Growth Institute kanye ne-Agence Française. I-de Developpement inikele ngobuchule babo obuningi ekulungiseni leli su. Sibonga kakhulu ngegalelo labo, futhi siyalwamukela usizo lwabo eminyakeni ezayo.

I-Cambodia ine-400 megawatt foothold ekuthuthukisweni kwamandla elanga. Izwe liyaqhela ekuphehleni ugesi ophehlwa ngamalahle kanti nokuthuthukiswa kukagesi ngamanzi eMfuleni iMekong kuhoxisiwe. “Sibona i-“REDD” uma kukhulunywa ngezinsiza zethu zamahlathi” kusho uSamal. I-“REDD, njengokuthi “Ukunciphisa Ukungcola Okuvela Ekugawulweni Kwamahlathi kanye nokucekelwa phansi kwamahlathi emazweni Asathuthuka” - uhlelo oluxhaswe yiZizwe Ezihlangene. ICambodia izibophezele ekunciphiseni ukugawulwa kwamahlathi ngesigamu ngonyaka ka-2030 futhi ifinyelele ukungabikho kwegesi elikhishwayo emkhakheni wayo wamahlathi ngo-2040.”

Siwubonile umphakathi womhlaba wonke uhlangana ukuze ubhekane nosongo lwebhayoloji iningi lethu elalingalucabangi eminyakeni emibili edlule. Nokho, sasixwayisiwe. Masilalele izixwayiso mayelana nokufudumala kwembulunga yonke. Masizisebenzise ngesinqumo esifanayo, ngokwandisa uxhaso lwamazwe ngamazwe lwezinhlelo zokunciphisa ukuguquguquka kwesimo sezulu. I-Cambodia imile ngomumo.

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