Izindawo zokuhlala zaseSri Lanka: Zibalulekile Ezokuvakasha Ezisakazwa Ngokuyinhloko?  

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Kube nokukhuphuka okumangalisayo kwenani indawo yokuhlala opharetha emakethe yezokuvakasha namuhla, ikakhulukazi esifundeni sase-Asia, kuhlanganise neSri Lanka. Zivame ukubizwa ngokuthi ezokuvakasha 'ezisezingeni eliphansi' futhi zithathwa njengezinomthelela ongemuhle endaweni yezokuvakasha ngenxa yombono wokuthi azinayo inhlanzeko namazinga okuphepha. Kodwa-ke, inani elandayo lezivakashi lifuna okuhlangenwe nakho okuyiqiniso futhi likhetha izindawo zokuhlala njengendawo eziyithandayo ngenkathi ziseholidini.

I-Sri Lanka izidla ngaphezu kwezindawo zokuhlala eziyi-1,000 ezibhaliswe ne-Sri Lanka Tourism Development Authority (SLTDA) okungenzeka ukuthi inenani elikhulu nakakhulu elisebenza ngaphandle kwamalayisensi, angalawulwa.

Njengamanje, kunokwanda kwabantu abafikayo eSri Lanka, anawo wonke amahhotela nezindawo zokuhlala ezincane ezijabulela amazinga aphezulu okuhlala. Kulo mongo, kunemibono eyahlukene ngokubaluleka kwezindlu zokuhlala kuphothifoliyo yezokuvakasha yaseSri Lankan.

Nakuba abanye bephikisana ngokuthi izindawo zokuhlala ziyingxenye ebalulekile yokunikezwa komkhiqizo wezokuvakasha wase-Sri Lanka, abanye baphikisa ngokuthi izindlu ezithile zingase zilimaze isithunzi nekhwalithi.

Emzamweni wokunikeza umbono obanzi ngalolu daba, lolu cwaningo luzodingida kabanzi ngalezi zindaba ezimbalwa bese luzama ukufinyelela eziphethweni ezithile.  

Isingeniso ku-Homestays kanye nokusebenza kwayo eNtshonalanga naseMpumalanga

Izindlu zokuhlala, ingxenye ebalulekile embonini yezokuvakasha, zinikeza abahambi ulwazi olujulile kumasiko endawo nendlela yokuphila. ESri Lanka, i-SLTDA ichaza indawo yokuhlala njenge “Indlu ehlala umndeni onekamelo elilodwa, amagumbi ezivakashi afinyelela kwamane, alungele ukuhlalisa izivakashi lapho isivakashi nomndeni osingetheyo behlangana khona.”  Inhloso eyinhloko ukunikeza izivakashi ukunambitheka kwangempela kwe-cuisine yaseSri Lankan namasiko, okufakwe nomoya wokungenisa izihambi womndeni osingethe.

Umbono wamazwe ngamazwe wezindawo zokuhlala, nokho, uvame ukuzungeza indlela yokusebenzelana ebheka kakhulu ukuhlala isikhathi eside kunomongo wendawo, lapho abahambi bekhokhela indawo yokuhlala ngaphandle kokulindela ukusebenzelana okujulile nomndeni osingethe.

Ngakho,

  • Kunomehluko omkhulu phakathi kwezindawo zokuhlala zasemakhaya esifundeni saseNtshonalanga naseMpumalanga
  • Izindawo zokuhlala zase-Asia ngokuvamile ezemvelo encane (okungukuthi Inani lamakamelo)
  • Izindawo zokuhlala zase-Asia zisekupheleni okuphansi kwenani lentengo lezokuvakasha, uma kuqhathaniswa namahhotela avamile.
  • Izindlu zasekhaya zamazwe ngamazwe nokho zithatha uhlobo oluningi lokuthengiselana futhi ikakhulukazi zibandakanya abafundi bamazwe ngamazwe / abashintshisana

Isisekelo sokufunda

Ekwenzeni ucwaningo olufana nalolu, kunezinselele ezimbalwa okufanele kubhekwane nazo ngenxa yokungatholakali kwanoma yiziphi izincwadi ezifanele ngesihloko, kanye nemithombo yedatha ethembekile.

  • Udaba lokungahlelekile

Njengoba kushiwo ngaphambili, izindawo zokuhlala zaseSri Lankan zingamayunithi amancane, ngakho-ke awela esigabeni seMicro and Small Enterprises (MSE). Eziningi zalezo zindawo zokuhlala azikahleleki futhi azibhalisiwe ngokusemthethweni neziphathimandla ezifanele zezokuvakasha. Kukhona ukuqagela ukuthi inombolo engalawulwa ingase ibe nkulu kunesigaba esilawulwayo. Ngakho-ke kukhona ukushoda kwedatha yezindawo zokuhlala ezitholakalayo.

  • Isizathu sokuthola idatha

Ocwaningweni olufana nalolu, kunesidingo sokusebenzisa amasu athile futhi kutholwe idatha edingekayo emithonjeni eseceleni ngokuqagela nokubala. Ulwazi olutholakalayo luzobhekiselwa kulo, olusekelwa ukuqagela okuthile okwenziwa ngesipiliyoni sababhali ekusebenzeni kulo mkhakha iminyaka eminingana.

Izindlu zokuhlala zisebenza kakhulu ngama-OTA ngakho-ke ama-OTA abengaba umthombo ongcono kakhulu wokuthola idatha. Nokho, le datha ayitholakali esidlangalaleni. 

Isilinganiso sosayizi wangempela wengqikithi yesigaba se-Homestay e-Sri Lanka

Izibalo ze-SLDA zikhomba ukuthi bekunezindlu zokuhlala eziyi-1,080 ezibhalisiwe ezinamakamelo angu-3,231 esewonke.

Nokho, inselele iwukulinganisa inani lezindlu zasekhaya ezingabhalisiwe. Kunokuntuleka kolwazi mayelana nalokhu kanye nezincwadi zemfundo ezilinganiselwe okufanele zidlule. Imithombo embalwa etholakalayo ikhombisa ukuthi kunezilinganiso ezibanzi ezihlukene zomkhakha ongabhalisiwe (ongekho emthethweni) ofinyelela cishe ku-70% ozosetshenziselwa ucwaningo.[1]

Ngakho-ke kuzoba no-1,037 x 70% = 761 emkhakheni ongakahleleki.

Ngakho

Amayunithi e-Homestay abhalisiwe ane-SLDA 1,080

Amayunithi angabhalisiwe e-Homestay njengoba enziwe ikhompuyutha ngaphezulu kwama-756

Ingqikithi yamayunithi okuhlala ekhaya                                           1,836

Ukubalwa Kwenzuzo yemakethe ye-homestay

Njengesinyathelo sokuqala, ingqikithi yenani lamayunithi okuhlala ekhaya athathwe ezibalweni ezingenhla, kufanele aguqulelwe enanini lamagumbi.

Ngokusekelwe kwizibalo zakamuva ze-SLDA zango-2023, indawo yokuhlala ekhaya e-Sri Lanka inesilinganiso samagumbi angu-3 iyunithi ngayinye.

Isamba sezindlu zokuhlala eziyi-1,836 ingqikithi yenani lamagumbi ingatholakala kalula. 

Ngakho-ke, inani eliphelele lamagumbi okuhlala atholakalayo angaba ngu-1,836 x 3 = 5,508

Kusukela ezingxoxweni ezinabile zezimpimpi eziyisihluthulelo, ulwazi lwababhali, nokuhlaziya okunye kokufakwa kuhlu kuma-Opharetha we-Online Tour (ama-OTA), isilinganiso sesilinganiso sokuhlala ekhaya sisebangeni elingu-USD 20-30 igumbi ngalinye e-Sri Lanka.

Ngakho-ke, isilinganiso segumbi lendawo yokuhlala sithathwa cishe ngama-USD 25 

Isibalo sabantu abahlala emikhakheni eyimijondolo silinganiselwa ku-62%.  

Ngakho-ke, isilinganiso sokuhlala kwezindawo zokuhlala ngo-2023 sithathwa njengama-62%

Ukubalwa kwesamba semali engenayo yamayunithi okuhlala ekhaya manje kuqondile (5,508 amagumbi @USD 25 kanye nokuhlala okungu-62% ngonyaka)

Ngakho-ke, isamba semali etholwayo evela ezindlini zango-2023 izoba ngokulandelana kwe-USD 31,161,510.

Isamba semali etholwayo Yezokuvakasha yaseSri Lanka yango-2023 yayingu-USD 2,067,000,000[2]

Ngakho-ke imali etholwa yizindawo zokuhlala ze-akhawunti ka-2023 kuphela 1.51% yesamba semali engenayo evela kwezokuvakasha.

Ukuze kuhlinzekwe umbono ocacile, ihhotela ledolobha lezinkanyezi ezi-5 elidumile lisanda kumemezela ukuthi imali engenayo yezinyanga eziyi-9 zokuqala ze-FT2024 ibingama-Rs 2.7 billion (cishe ama-USD 9 million).[3] Ngokusekelwe ekuhlaziyweni okungenhla, isamba semali engenayo yokuhlala ekhaya yawo wonke unyaka ka-2023 ilinganiselwa ku-USD 31 million. Ngakho-ke, kungaqashelwa ukuthi ihhotela ledolobha elivamile lezinkanyezi ezi-5 lizuza ngaphezu kwengxenye eyodwa kwezintathu yesamba semali etholwayo yonyaka yayo yonke imakethe yezindawo zokuhlala ngezinyanga eziyi-9 kuphela!

Isiphetho

  • Umnikelo wezezimali mncane uma kuqhathaniswa: Ukuhlala ekhaya kudlala indima ebalulekile ekwandiseni iphothifoliyo yezokuvakasha yase-Sri Lanka, naphezu komnikelo wabo wezezimali olinganiselwe uma kuqhathaniswa namahhotela amakhulu. Ukufinyeleleka kwabo nobuqiniso bukhanga ingxenye yemakethe ethile efuna ulwazi lwamasiko olugxilile. Nokho, kubalulekile ukugqamisa ukuthi umthelela wabo udlulela ngalé kwamamethrikhi ezezimali, ikakhulukazi uma kucatshangelwa izinzuzo zenhlalakahle yezomnotho, ezinikeza imiphakathi yendawo ehileleke kwezokuvakasha.
  • Ukubaluleka kokumaketha kwe-Sri Lanka nokumaketha indawo okuyiwa kuyo: Indawo yokuhlala yasekhaya ibamba iqhaza elibalulekile ekukhangiseni nasekufakweni komkhiqizo kwe-Sri Lanka njengoba ihlinzeka ngolwazi lwezokuvakasha lwangempela. Naphezu kobhekwa njengokuvakasha 'okusezingeni eliphansi', abonisa ingqikithi yokungenisa izihambi kwaseSri Lankan namasiko, aheha abahambi abafuna ukuzizwisa okuhlukile. Ukufaka izindawo zokuhlala ezimisweni zokumaketha izindawo okuyiwa kuzo kunamandla okuhlukanisa i-Sri Lanka emqhudelwaneni futhi kuhehe abavakashi be-niche abafuna ukuzizwisa okuyiqiniso, okungaphandle kokwejwayelekile.
  • Umthelela ekufikeni kwezokuvakasha: Noma izindlu zasekhaya zingadonsi inqwaba yezivakashi ngazinye, zisiza ukuthuthukisa ukukhanga kwakho konke kwe-Sri Lanka njengendawo yokuvakasha. Ukuba khona kwabo kwengeza ukuhlukahluka kwezinketho zokuhlala ezitholakalayo futhi kukhanga abahambi abanokuhlukahluka okuthandwayo kanye nesabelomali. Izindawo zokuhlala zibalulekile futhi ekusabalaliseni ezokuvakasha ezindaweni ezikude noma ezingavakashelwa kancane, zisekela ezokuvakasha ezibandakanya wonke umuntu nezisimeme ezweni lonke. I-Hiriketiya, i-Ahangama, ne-Dikwella, okungamadolobha abekwe ngale kwezindawo ezidumile njenge-Galle ne-Hikkaduwa, sezivele ibona imiphumela ehlala njalo yokuphindaphinda kanye ne-spin-off ekhuthazwe yilokhu kusatshalaliswa. Ngakho-ke, kubalulekile ukuqaphela ubukhona bazo njengoba beqhubeka nokuthuthukisa izinzuzo zezomnotho nezenhlalo ngaphezu kwezindawo ezidumile zezivakashi.
  • Isiphakamiso Sokubaluleka: Amakhaya athuthukisa izimpilo zabantu abaningi bendawo kuyilapho ekhuthaza ukusebenzelana komphakathi futhi enikela kuhlelo lwendalo yonke lomkhakha wezokuvakasha, nakuba umthelela wabo wezezimali ungase ube mncane uma kuqhathaniswa.

Indlela eya phambili

  • Ukubaluleka kokwenza kube semthethweni: Ngokubona ukubaluleka kwezindlu zokuhlala endaweni yezokuvakasha yaseSri Lanka, kubalulekile ukucabangela amasu ahlukahlukene okwenza kube semthethweni kanye nokuhlanganisa imisebenzi yabo emkhakheni osemthethweni, kungaba ngokuwangenisa esibayeni noma ngokuthatha indlela esemthethweni.

Kodwa-ke, inhloso eyinhloko yokwenza kube semthethweni akufanele kube ukunyusa imali yentela, isihloko okuxoxwa ngaso kakhulu namuhla. Njengoba kukhonjisiwe ekuhlaziyeni okungenhla, imali engenayo etholwa uhulumeni evela ezindaweni zokuhlala incane.

Esikhundleni salokho, ukwenza kube semthethweni kufanele kugxile ekunikezeni ukwesekwa nezikhuthazo kubaqhubi bezindlu zasekhaya ukuze bahambisane nezidingo zokulawula kanye namazinga ekhwalithi. Imizamo efana nemihlangano yokucobelelana ngolwazi yokwakha amandla, izinhlelo zokunikeza izitifiketi, nezinhlelo zokusiza ngezezimali zinganika amandla ababungazi bekhaya futhi zithuthukise ubungcweti kanye nekhwalithi yomkhakha. Nakuba ukukhuthaza izikhungo zokuhlala ekhaya ukuthi zibhalise ne-SLTDA kuqinisekisa ukuthotshelwa kwemithetho kanye negalelo emnothweni kazwelonke ngentela, kugcizelelwa izinzuzo ezibanzi. Ngokwenza imisebenzi yabo ibe semthethweni, abanikazi bezindlu zasekhaya bangakwazi futhi ukufinyelela ezinsizeni ezengeziwe kanye namathuba okumaketha ahlinzekwa yi-SLTDA, okuthuthukisa kakhulu ukubonakala kwabo kanye nokuncintisana emakethe.

  • Ukwakhiwa kwamakhono nokuqeqeshwa: Ukuthuthukisa izinhlelo zokuqeqesha ezisebenzayo nezisebenzayo kubalulekile ukuze kuthuthukiswe amakhono okwamukela izihambi ababungazi bekhaya, okuzothuthukisa ikhwalithi yezinsizakalo ezihlinzekwayo. Lezi zinhlelo kufanele zihlanganisa izindawo ezibalulekile ezifana nenhlanzeko, ezempilo nokudla, isevisi yamakhasimende, nokuzwela kwamasiko ukuze kuqinisekiswe okuhlangenwe nakho okuhle kwesivakashi nokunciphisa izinkinga ezingaba khona. Ukumaketha kwedijithali kufanele futhi kube indawo embozwe njengoba abaningi abasebenza ezindlini nababungazi bengenalo ulwazi lokumaketha kwedijithali futhi njengoba kuphawuliwe, amakhaya amaningi antula ukuba khona kwedijithali ku-inthanethi. Ngokutshala imali ekuthuthukisweni kochwepheshe kwababungazi bezindlu, iSri Lanka ingakhuphula ikhwalithi isiyonke kanye nokuncintisana komkhiqizo wayo wezokuvakasha, ihehe inqwaba yezivakashi.

Kubalulekile ukwazisa imizamo eyenziwe yi-SLTDA ekuqhubeni izinhlelo zokuqeqesha ezibanzi ngezinsizakusebenza ezilinganiselwe. Kodwa-ke, okunye ukuthuthukiswa kuyadingeka ukuze kuthuthukiswe ukusebenza kahle kwale mizamo yokuqeqesha.

  • Ukusebenzisana nababambe iqhaza: Ukubambisana phakathi kwezinhlaka zikahulumeni, ababambiqhaza ababambe iqhaza kwezokuvakasha, izinhlangano zezimboni ezizimele, nezinhlangano zasendaweni kubalulekile ukuze kubhekwane nezinselele umkhakha wezindlu zokuhlala. Lokhu kuhlanganisa ukwenza lula izinqubo zokulawula, ukukhuthaza izinqubo ezingcono kakhulu, kanye nokwenza lula ukufinyelela osizweni lwezezimali nolwezobuchwepheshe. Ngokusebenzisana, ababambiqhaza bangakha isimo esisekelayo sokukhula okusimeme komkhakha wezindawo zokuhlala, baqinisekise ukuthi uyaqhubeka nokuba negalelo elihle embonini yezokuvakasha kanye nomnotho waseSri Lanka.

Ababhali

USrilal Miththapala uchwepheshe wezokuvakasha onolwazi lweminyaka engaphezu kwama-30. Uke waba ngumongameli wesikhathi esidlule we-The Tourist Hotels Association yaseSri Lanka futhi manje usebenza njengomxhumanisi kwenye yezikhungo ezihamba phambili ngezimali zomhlaba jikelele.

UDewni Aluthwatte ungumbungazi ovelele uchwepheshe emkhakheni wezokuthuthukiswa, ogxile ekuphathweni kwamaphrojekthi kanye nohlelo. Njengamanje uyasebenza njengomeluleki we-ejensi evelele yezimali yamazwe ngamazwe.

(Imibono evezwe kulolu cwaningo ngeyababhali kuphela, futhi ayibonisi neze imibono yababhali abafanele abaqashi, izinkampani, izikhungo noma amanye amaqembu ahlobene abangase bahlotshaniswe nawo).


 

 

 

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ISrilal Miththapala - eTN eSri Lanka

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