I-China ne-Kazakhstan: Ukubambisana Okuphumelelayo Kwezokuvakasha

Kazak ezokuvakasha

Umcimbi wokuqala woNyaka weKazakhstan Wezokuvakasha eChina ngo-2024 wenzeka muva nje eBeijing. I-China ne-Kazakhstan bahlele imicimbi eminingi emangalisayo yonyaka wezokuvakasha, njengemibukiso yobuciko nezinkundla ezinikelwe ezokuvakasha.

Uhulumeni waseKazakh uzibekele umgomo wokwandisa isibalo sabavakashi basekhaya sifinyelele ezigidini eziyi-11 bese izivakashi zakwamanye amazwe zibe izigidi ezine ngo-4. Ngaphandle kwalokho, inani labantu abaqashwe embonini yezokuvakasha kulindeleke ukuthi lifinyelele ku-2030 ngaleso sikhathi.

UNgqongqoshe Wezokuvakasha Nezemidlalo Kazakh u-Yermek Marzhikpayev uthe i-China ingenye yezimakethe zezokuvakasha ezihamba phambili e-Kazakhstan kanye nozakwethu, ngenxa yokuba seduze kwendawo kanye nokuxhumana okujulile komlando.

IKazakhstan ihlela ukuheha izivakashi eziningi zaseShayina ngokusebenzisa isiko layo elicebile lokuzulazula, umlando wamakhulu eminyaka, kanye nemvelo eyingqayizivele, ungqongqoshe wanezela.

Ukubambisana kwezokuvakasha phakathi kweChina neKazakhstan kuye kwaqina kakhulu eminyakeni yamuva. NgoNovemba 2017, i-China yasungula ihhovisi layo lezokuvakasha okokuqala ngqa e-Astana, okulenza laba ngelokuqala lalolu hlobo ezweni lase-Asia Emaphakathi. Leli hhovisi likugqugquzele ngenkuthalo ukuhwebelana ngamasiko nezokuvakasha phakathi kwalezi zizwe zombili. Ukwengeza, ngoNovemba 2023, ukukhululwa kwe-visa ehlangene phakathi kweChina neKazakhstan kwaqaliswa, okuqhubeka kukhulisa isidingo sokuhamba nhlangothi zombili.

Izwe lase-Asia Emaphakathi iKazakhstan libone umkhuba okhulayo wokuthutheleka kwezivakashi zaseShayina kulo nyaka, ezizenza njengendawo ehamba phambili yokuvakasha ephumayo.

Ngokwezibalo ezivela esikhungweni sezokuvakasha sase-China i-Ctrip, isibalo sokubhuka ezokuvakasha eKazakhstan ngabavakashi baseChina kulo nyaka sikhuphuke ngamaphesenti angama-229 unyaka nonyaka, namaphesenti angama-262 uma kuqhathaniswa no-2019.

Inani lokubhukha izindiza eziya e-Kazakhstan lenyuke ngaphezu kokuphindwe kathathu kunonyaka odlule. I-Almaty, i-Astana ne-Aktau ithandwa kakhulu izivakashi zaseShayina.

“Okwamanje, izivakashi zaseShayina zingakwazi ukuthatha izindiza eziqondile eziya e-Kazakhstan zisuka e-Beijing, e-Xi'an, e-Hangzhou, nase-Urumqi, noma zingene ezweni ngamachweba asemhlabeni esifundeni esizimele i-Xinjiang Uygur. Indawo yemvelo namasiko endawo yizinto eziheha kakhulu,” kusho uXu Jia, umphathi jikelele wenhlangano yezokuvakasha esifundazweni saseSichuan.

I-Xinjiang iseduze neKazakhstan. Ngakho-ke, ezinye izivakashi zaseShayina zizoba nokuvakasha endaweni ezimele kuqala bese ziya eKazakhstan ngezindawo ezinjengeKhorgos.

Kubikwa ukuthi i-Khorgos isiteshi samabhasi somgwaqo omkhulu wamazwe ngamazwe sinemizila emine yabagibeli yamazwe ngamazwe eya eKazakhstan, futhi ngokufika kwenkathi yokuvakasha ephakeme kakhulu, kuye kwaba nokwanda okukhulu kwenani lezivakashi ezihamba phakathi kweChina neKazakhstan.

I-Khorgos International Border Cooperation Centre, esendaweni yase-Khorgos yase-China (i-Xinjiang) Pilot Free Trade Zone, iyisizinda somsebenzi njalo. Isuka emngceleni ophakathi kweChina neKazakhstan, lesi sikhungo sokusebenzisana sihlanganisa indawo enkulu engamakhilomitha-skwele angu-5.6.

Izivakashi ezivela e-China, Kazakhstan, nezinye izizwe zingangena futhi ziphume ngokukhululekile esikhungweni sokubambisana ngaphandle kwesidingo sama-visa, ezivumela ukuthi zihlanganyele ezingxoxweni zebhizinisi mathupha, imisebenzi yokuhweba, ezokuvakasha, kanye nokuthenga isikhathi esingangezinsuku ezingama-30. Iphaseji elixhumanisa i-China ne-Kazakhstan phakathi kwesikhungo sokubambisana selithole ukuduma njengendawo enhle evame ukuthunjwa izivakashi.

UKairat Batyrbayev, umqondisi omkhulu we-Eurasian International Studies Association eKazakhstan, uthe ezokuvakasha zaseChina ziyadlondlobala futhi kulindeleke ukuthi izivakashi eziningi zaseChina zikhethe ukuya eKazakhstan ngo-2024.

U-Batyrbayev ugcizelele ukuthi lolu hlelo luzofaka isandla ekukhuleni komkhakha wezokuvakasha eKazakhstan futhi luqhubekisele phambili ukuthuthukiswa kwengqalasizinda ebalulekile okuhlanganisa imigwaqo, amahhotela nezindawo zokudlela. Uphinde wagcizelela ukuthi njengoba izivakashi zaseShayina zithola ukwazisa kangcono isiko, amasiko, kanye nokudla kwaseKazakh, kuzokhuthaza ukushintshana kwamasiko okujule kakhulu phakathi kwalezi zizwe zombili.

Mayelana umbhali

UJuergen T Steinmetz

UJuergen Thomas Steinmetz ubelokhu esebenza ngokuqhubekayo embonini yezokuvakasha nezokuvakasha kusukela esemusha eJalimane (1977).
Wasungula eTurboNews ngo-1999 njengencwajana yokuqala ye-inthanethi embonini yezokuvakasha yezokuvakasha emhlabeni jikelele.

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