I-IATA: Intuthuko eqinile ekusebenzeni kokuphepha kwendiza

I-IATA: Intuthuko eqinile ekusebenzeni kokuphepha kwendiza
I-IATA: Intuthuko eqinile ekusebenzeni kokuphepha kwendiza
Ibhalwe ngu UHarry Johnson

The Inhlangano Yezindiza Yezindiza Yomhlaba Wonke (IATA) ikhiphe idatha yokuphepha yango-2021 yemboni yezindiza ezentengiselwano ebonisa ukuthuthuka okuqinile ezindaweni ezimbalwa uma kuqhathaniswa nakho kokubili kuka-2020 kanye neminyaka emihlanu ka-2017-2021.

Amaphuzu avelele afaka:

  • Ukwehliswa kwenani eliphelele lezingozi, izinga lezingozi zonke kanye nokufa kwabantu.
  • Amalungu e-IATA nezinkampani zezindiza ekubhaliseni kwe-IATA Operational Safety Audit (IOSA) (okuhlanganisa wonke amalungu e-IATA) ahlangabezane nezingozi ezibulalayo ezingenamuntu ngonyaka odlule.
  • Azikho izingozi zohambo lwesitimela/zetekisi, okokuqala ngqa okungenani eminyakeni eyi-15.

2021
2020Isilinganiso seminyaka emi-5
(2017-2021)

Zonke izinga lezingozi (izingozi ngendiza eyisigidi esisodwa) 1.01 (ingozi engu-1 njalo ngezindiza eziyizigidi ezingu-0.99)1.58 (ingozi engu-1 njalo ngezindiza eziyizigidi ezingu-0.63)1.23 (ingozi engu-1 njalo ngezindiza eziyizigidi ezingu-0.81)
Zonke izinga lezingozi zezinkampani zezindiza ezingamalungu e-IATA0.44 (ingozi engu-1 njalo ngezindiza eziyizigidi ezingu-2.27)0.77 (ingozi engu-1 njalo ngezindiza eziyizigidi ezingu-1.30)0.72 (ingozi engu-1 njalo ngezindiza eziyizigidi ezingu-1.39)
Izingozi eziphelele263544.2
Izingozi ezibulalayo(i) 7 (ijethi eli-1 kanye ne-6 turboprop)57.4
Ukufa121132207
Ingozi yokufa0.230.130.14
Ingcuphe yokufa yezinkampani zezindiza ezingamalungu e-IATA0.000.060.04
Ukulahlekelwa kwe-jet hull (indiza ngayinye eyisigidi) 0.13 (ingozi enkulu engu-1 njalo ngezindiza eziyizigidi ezingu-7.7)0.16 (ingozi enkulu engu-1 njalo ngezindiza eziyizigidi ezingu-6.3)0.15 (ingozi enkulu engu-1 njalo ngezindiza eziyizigidi ezingu-6.7)
Ukulahleka kwe-Turboprop hull (indiza ngayinye eyisigidi)1.77 (ukulahlekelwa kwe-hull oku-1 njalo ngezindiza eziyizigidi ezingu-0.56)1.59 (ukulahlekelwa kwe-hull oku-1 njalo ngezindiza eziyizigidi ezingu-0.63)1.22 (ukulahlekelwa kwe-hull oku-1 njalo ngezindiza eziyizigidi ezingu-0.82)
Ingqikithi yezindiza (isigidi)25.722.236.6

“Ukuphepha yinto ehamba phambili kithi ngaso sonke isikhathi. Ukuncipha okukhulu kwezinombolo zendiza ngonyaka odlule uma kuqhathaniswa nesilinganiso seminyaka engu-5 kwakhulisa umthelela wengozi ngayinye lapho sibala amanani. Nokho ngenxa yezinselelo eziningi zokusebenza ngo-2021, imboni yaba ngcono ngamamethrikhi ambalwa okuphepha abalulekile. Ngaso leso sikhathi, kuyacaca ukuthi mningi umsebenzi osihlalele wokuletha zonke izifunda nezinhlobo zokusebenza ezingeni lomhlaba jikelele lokuphepha,” kusho. UWillie Walsh, IATAUMqondisi Jikelele.

Ingozi Yokufa

Ukwenyuka sekukonke kwengozi yokufa ngo-2021 kuya ku-0.23 kungenxa yokwenyuka kwezingozi ezibulalayo ze-turboprop. Kube nengozi eyodwa ebulalayo ebandakanya indiza yendiza ngonyaka odlule kanti ingozi yokushona kwejethi ngo-2021 yayingu-0.04 emikhakheni eyisigidi, ukuthuthuka ngaphezu kwesilinganiso seminyaka engu-5 esingu-0.06.

Ingozi yokufa isiyonke engu-0.23 isho ukuthi ngokwesilinganiso, umuntu uzodinga ukuthatha indiza nsuku zonke iminyaka engu-10,078 ukuze ahileleke engozini nokufa okukodwa. 

I-IOSA

I-IOSA indinganiso yemboni yomhlaba wonke yokuhlolwa kokuphepha kokusebenza kwendiza kanye nemfuneko yobulungu be-IATA. Isetshenziswa yiziphathimandla eziningi ezinhlelweni zabo zokuphepha ezilawulayo. 

  • Okwamanje. Izinkampani zezindiza ezingu-403 zikuRejista ye-IOSA, okuhlanganisa namalungu angu-115 angewona awe-IATA. 
  • Izinga lezingozi zonke lezinkampani zezindiza ekubhalisweni kwe-IOSA ngo-2021 lalingcono izikhathi ezingaphezu kweziyisithupha kunesilinganiso sezindiza okungezona eze-IOSA (0.45 vs. 2.86). 
  • Isilinganiso sango-2017-2021 sezindiza ze-IOSA ngokumelene nezindiza ezingezona ze-IOSA sicishe sibe ngcono ngokuphindwe kathathu kunalokhu. (0.81 vs. 2.37). Zonke izindiza ezingamalungu e-IATA kudingeka ukuthi zigcine ukubhaliswa kwazo kwe-IOSA. 

“Umnikelo we-IOSA ekuthuthukiseni ukuphepha ubonakale emiphumeleni emihle kakhulu yezinkampani zezindiza endaweni yokubhalisa—kungakhathaliseki ukuthi zisebenza yiphi indawo. Sizoqhubeka nokuguqula i-IOSA ukuze sisekele ukusebenza kangcono kwezokuphepha embonini,” kusho Walsh.

Izilinganiso zokulahlekelwa kwe-jet hull ngesifunda somsebenzisi (ngokusuka kwesigidi esingu-1) 

Izinga lomhlaba jikelele elijwayelekile lokulahlekelwa kwe-jet hull lehle kancane ngo-2021 uma liqhathaniswa nesilinganiso seminyaka emihlanu (2017-2021). Izifunda ezinhlanu zibone ukuthuthuka, noma akukho ukuwohloka uma kuqhathaniswa nesilinganiso seminyaka emihlanu. 

Isifunda202120202017-2021
Africa0.000.000.28
Asia Pacific0.330.620.29
I-Commonwealth ye
Amazwe Azimele (CIS)
0.000.000.92
Europe0.270.310.14
I-Latin America kanye neCaribbean0.000.000.23
Ephakathi Ephakathi naseNyakatho Afrika0.000.000.00
i-America esenyakatho0.140.000.06
ENyakatho Asia0.000.000.03
Global

Izilinganiso zokulahlekelwa kwe-Turboprop hull ngesifunda somsebenzisi (ngokusuka kwesigidi esingu-1)

Izifunda ezinhlanu zibonise ukuthuthuka noma ukungabikho kokuwohloka kwezinga lokulahlekelwa kwe-turboprop hull ngo-2021 uma kuqhathaniswa nesilinganiso seminyaka emi-5. Okuwukuphela kwezifunda ezabona ukunyuka uma kuqhathaniswa nesilinganiso seminyaka emihlanu kwakuyi-CIS ne-Afrika. 

Yize imikhakha egijinyiswa ngama-turboprops imele u-10.99% kuphela wemikhakha isiyonke, izingozi ezibandakanya izindiza ze-turboprop zimele ama-50% azo zonke izingozi, ama-86% ezingozi ezibulalayo kanye nama-49% abantu abashonile ngo-2021.

"Ukusebenza kweTurboprop kuzoba indawo okugxilwe kuyo ukuze kuhlonzwe izindlela nezindlela zokunciphisa inani lezigameko ezihlobene nezinhlobo ezithile zezindiza," kusho uWalsh.

Isifunda202120202017-2021
Africa5.599.775.08
Asia Pacific0.000.000.34
I-Commonwealth ye
Amazwe Azimele (CIS)
42.530.0016.81
Europe0.000.000.00
I-Latin America kanye neCaribbean0.002.350.73
Ephakathi Ephakathi naseNyakatho Afrika0.000.001.44
i-America esenyakatho0.001.740.55
ENyakatho Asia0.000.000.00
Global

Ukuphepha ku-CIS

Izinkampani zezindiza ezizinze esifundeni se-CIS azizange zibe nezingozi ezibulalayo zendiza ngo-2021 unyaka wesibili olandelanayo. Nokho, kube nezingozi ezine ze-turboprop. Okuthathu kwalokhu kuholele ekufeni kwabantu abangama-41, okubalelwa ngaphezu kwengxenye yesithathu yabantu abashonile bango-2021. Azikho izinkampani zezindiza ezihililekile ebezikukubhaliswa kwe-IOSA. 

Ukuphepha e-Afrika 

Izinkampani zezindiza ezizinze e-Afrika eseningizimu ye-Sahara zaba nezingozi ezine ngo-2021, zonke zinezindiza ze-turboprop, ezintathu zazo ezibangele ukufa kwabantu abayi-18. Abekho opharetha abebekurejista ye-IOSA. Azikho izingozi zokulahleka kwe-jet hull ngo-2021 noma ngo-2020. 

Okuseqhulwini e-Afrika ukuqaliswa kwamazinga ahlobene nokuphepha nezinqubo ezinconyiwe zeNhlangano Yamazwe Ngamazwe Yezokundiza Komphakathi (i-ICAO) (i-SARPS). Ekupheleni konyaka wezi-2021, amazwe angama-28 ase-Afrika (ama-61% engqikithi) abe nokuqaliswa kwe-SARPS okungama-60% noma ngaphezulu. Ukwengeza, indlela egxilile yababambiqhaza abaningi ezifundazweni ezithile izobaluleka ekubhekaneni nokwenzeka okuphindaphindiwe.

Mayelana umbhali

UHarry Johnson

UHarry Johnson ube ngumhleli wesabelo se- eTurboNews iminyaka engaphezu kwengu-20. Uhlala e-Honolulu, eHawaii, futhi udabuka eYurophu. Uyakujabulela ukubhala nokubika izindaba.

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