I-IATA: Ukwenyuka Okunamandla Kwesidingo Sabagibeli Bezindiza Zomhlaba Wonke

I-IATA: Ukwenyuka Okunamandla Kwesidingo Sabagibeli Bezindiza Zomhlaba Wonke
I-IATA: Ukwenyuka Okunamandla Kwesidingo Sabagibeli Bezindiza Zomhlaba Wonke
Ibhalwe ngu UHarry Johnson

Njengoba izinkampani zezindiza zinikeza izinhlobonhlobo zezinketho zokuhamba, kunezizathu ezizwakalayo zokukholelwa ukuthi le nkathi yehlobo ephakeme kakhulu esenyakatho izoba namandla. Ocwaningweni lwakamuva, u-97% wabagibeli baveze ukwaneliseka kwabo ngendiza yabo yokugcina.

Idatha yesidingo sabagibeli emhlabeni wonke ngo-Ephreli 2024, ekhishwe yi-International Air Transport Association (IATA), emele izinkampani zezindiza ezingaba ngu-320 ezihlanganisa u-83% wethrafikhi yezindiza emhlabeni jikelele, iveze ukuthi i-revenue passenger kilometers (RPKs) ikhombise ukwenyuka ngo-11.0% uma kuqhathaniswa no-April 2023. Amakhilomitha ezihlalo atholakalayo (ASK) nawo abone ukunyuka ngo-9.6% ngonyaka -unyaka. Isici somthwalo ka-April sifinyelele ku-82.4%, okuphawula ukwenyuka kwamaphesenti angu-1.0 kusukela ngo-April 2023.

Isidingo samazwe ngamazwe sibe nokukhula okuphawulekayo kwe-15.8% uma kuqhathaniswa no-April 2023, nomthamo wenyuka ngo-14.8% unyaka nonyaka. Isici somthwalo wezindiza zamazwe ngamazwe sithuthuke safinyelela ku-82.2%, okubonisa ukukhuphuka kwamaphesenti angu-0.7 kusukela ngo-April 2023.

Isidingo sasekhaya sikhombise ukwenyuka okulinganiselwe ngo-4.0% uma kuqhathaniswa no-April 2023, nomthamo wenyuka ngo-2.1% unyaka nonyaka. Isici somthwalo wezindiza zasekhaya sifinyelele ku-82.6%, okubonisa ukwenyuka ngamaphesenti angu-1.5 kusukela ngo-Ephreli 2023.

UWillie Walsh, Umqondisi-Jikelele we-IATA, uzwakalise ithemba lakhe ngesizini yokuvakasha yasehlobo eqinile njengoba isidingo sabagibeli silokhu sikhula kancane kancane izinyanga ezingu-36 zilandelana.

Njengoba izinkampani zezindiza zinikeza izinhlobonhlobo zezinketho zokuhamba, kunezizathu ezizwakalayo zokukholelwa ukuthi le nkathi yehlobo ephakeme kakhulu esenyakatho izoba namandla. Ocwaningweni lwakamuva, u-97% wabagibeli baveze ukwaneliseka kwabo ngendiza yabo yokugcina. Kubalulekile ukuthi yonke imikhakha ye-travel value chain ibeke phambili ukugcinwa kwaleli zinga eliphezulu lokwaneliseka.

Ngokocwaningo lwe-IATA Passenger Survey, kunokuvumelana okungama-88% kokuthi ukuhamba ngendiza kuthuthukisa impilo yomuntu. Lesi siqinisekiso esibalulekile sibaluleke kakhulu njengoba amalungu ethu ezohlangana eMhlanganweni Omkhulu Wonyaka we-IATA kanye neNgqungquthela Yomhlaba Yezokuthutha Ngezindiza e-Dubai ngesonto elizayo. Ukuqashelwa kwekhono lokuxhuma emoyeni lokuthuthukisa izimpilo kanye nokuvuselela umnotho kusinikeza inselele ezoba phambili emicabangweni yawo wonke umuntu. Kubaluleke kakhulu ukuthi silwele ukuzuza ukukhishwa kwekhabhoni eyiziro ngo-2050, siqinisekise ukuthi abantu bangaqhubeka nokujabulela izinzuzo eziningi zokuhamba ngendiza.

UWalsh wakugcizelela lokhu kubaluleka, ethi, “Kumelwe sisebenze ngenkuthalo kulo mgomo ukuze abantu baqhubeke bezuza izinzuzo zokuhamba ngendiza.”

Ngo-April 2024, izimakethe zabagibeli bamazwe ngamazwe zaba nokukhula okuqinile kuzo zonke izifunda uma ziqhathaniswa no-April 2023. Isici somthwalo safinyelela endaweni ephakeme kakhulu eminyakeni emibili, nokulungiswa komthamo okuhambisana kahle nesidingo.

Izinkampani zezindiza zase-Asia-Pacific zisahamba phambili, zithola ukwanda okukhulu kwesidingo esingu-32.1% uma kuqhathaniswa nonyaka odlule. Isikhundla siphinde sabona ukukhula okuphawulekayo kwama-29.3% unyaka nonyaka, okubangele isici esitusekayo somthwalo esingu-83.7% (+1.7ppt uma kuqhathaniswa no-April 2023). Ikakhulukazi, ithrafikhi esuka eMpumalanga Ephakathi nase-Afrika ukuya e-Asia ibonisa amandla amangalisayo.

Izinkampani zezindiza zaseYurophu zihlangabezane nokwanda kwesidingo esingu-10.1% uma kuqhathaniswa nonyaka odlule. Umthamo ubuye wafakazela ukwenyuka ngo-10.0% unyaka nonyaka, okuholele ekutheni umthwalo ube ngu-83.3% (ukwenyuka okungu-0.1ppt kusuka ngo-Ephreli 2023). Ngaphandle kwase-Afrika, imizila yamazwe ngamazwe evela eYurophu yeqe amazinga angaphambi kwe-COVID kuzo zonke ezinye izifunda.

Izinkampani zezindiza zaseMpumalanga Ephakathi zibe nokukhuphuka kwesidingo ngo-14.2% uma kuqhathaniswa nonyaka odlule. Umthamo uphinde wazibonela ukukhula konyaka ngonyaka ngo-9.9%, kuyilapho isici somthwalo sibonise ukukhula okuhle ngo-+3.0ppt, safinyelela ku-79.3% uma kuqhathaniswa no-April 2023.

Isidingo sezinkampani zezindiza zaseNyakatho Melika sikhuphuke ngo-6.5% uma kuqhathaniswa nonyaka odlule. Amandla nawo ande ngo-10.3% unyaka nonyaka, okuholele ekwehleni kwesici somthwalo saya ku-81.0% (-2.9ppt kusukela ngo-April 2023).

Izinkampani zezindiza zaseLatin America zihlangabezane nokwanda kwesidingo esingu-14.5% uma kuqhathaniswa nonyaka odlule. Isikhundla siphinde sabona ukukhula ngo-13.5% unyaka nonyaka. Ngaphezu kwalokho, isici somthwalo sifinyelele ku-84.1% ngendlela emangalisayo, okuphawule ukukhuphuka ngamaphesenti angu-0.7 uma kuqhathaniswa no-April 2023, futhi yedlula ezinye izifunda ngokusebenza.

Abathwali base-Afrika bathole ukukhula ngo-15.5% kwesidingo uma kuqhathaniswa nonyaka odlule. Amandla nawo akhuphuke ngo-10.4% unyaka nonyaka. Isici somthwalo sifinyelele ku-73.0%, okubonisa ukunyuka ngamaphesenti angu-3.2 kusukela ngo-April 2023.

Ngo-April, kwaba khona ukwehla ukukhula kwesidingo sasekhaya. I-China ithole ukulinganiswa kwezinga lokukhula kwayo, kwafinyelela ku-4.2%, okungabalelwa ukuphothulwa kokwanda kwamaholide. Ukusebenza kwe-Japan kwahlala kucishe kumile, okungabalelwa ekupheleni konyaka wezimali kanye nokuqala kweholide lentwasahlobo lesikole. Ngaphandle kwalezi zici, ukuthambekela kwe-RPK yase-Japan kuyaqhubeka nokubonisa umkhondo omuhle.

Mayelana umbhali

UHarry Johnson

UHarry Johnson ube ngumhleli wesabelo se- eTurboNews iminyaka engaphezu kwengu-20. Uhlala e-Honolulu, eHawaii, futhi udabuka eYurophu. Uyakujabulela ukubhala nokubika izindaba.

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