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Izindawo zomlando ezisengozini kakhulu zaseMelika ngo-2022

Izindawo zomlando ezisengozini kakhulu zaseMelika ngo-2022
Brown Chapel AME Church, Selma, Alabama
Ibhalwe ngu UHarry Johnson

I-National Trust for Historic Preservation namuhla yembula uhlu lwayo lwaminyaka yonke olulindelwe ngabomvu Lwezindawo Zomlando Eziyi-11 ZaseMelika Ezisengozini Kakhulu.

Amasayithi ayishumi nanye ohlwini lwango-2022 amele umfanekiso onamandla womlando waseMelika onwetshiwe.

Uhlu olubanzi lwamasiko, imilando, kanye nezindawo ezigqanyiswe ngohlu lwango-2022 lusiza ukubonisa ukuthi ukuxoxa indaba ephelele kungasiza kanjani umuntu ngamunye azibone ebonakala esikhathini esidlule sezwe lethu elinezendlalelo eziningi.

Uhlu lwalo nyaka lukhanyisa izindikimba eziyisisekelo ezisungule indaba yesizwe sethu—ukufuna inkululeko yomuntu ngamunye, isidingo sobulungisa nobulungisa obulinganayo, ukuphikelela kokuba nezwi emphakathini, kanye nemizabalazo eqhubekayo yokwenza la maphupho abe ngokoqobo.

Minyaka yonke, lolu hlu lugqamisa izibonelo ezibalulekile zamagugu esizwe sakithi ezakhiwo namasiko okuthi, ngaphandle kokuthatha isinyathelo nokumela ngokushesha, azolahleka noma abhekane nomonakalo ongalungiseki. Ngenxa yemizamo ye-National Trust kanye nomsebenzi oshisekayo wamalungu ethu, abanikeli, izakhamuzi ezithintekayo, abalingani abangenzi nzuzo nabenza inzuzo, ama-ejensi kahulumeni, nabanye, ukubekwa ohlwini lwe-11 Iningi ngokuvamile kuwumusa wokulondoloza wezimpawu ezibalulekile zamasiko. Emlandweni weminyaka engu-35 wohlu Lwezindawo Zomlando Ezisengozini Kakhulu YaseMelika Ezingu-11, zilahlekile ngaphansi kwamaphesenti amahlanu ezindawo ezingaphezu kuka-300 ezibhekiwe.

"Lezi zindawo eziyishumi nanye ezisengozini zibhekene nezinguquko ezibucayi futhi uma zilahlekile, sizobe silahlekelwe yingxenye ebalulekile yendaba yethu esihlangene," kusho uKatherine Malone-France, Isikhulu Esiyinhloko Sokulondolozwa KweNational Trust. “Ngokubafaka kulolu hlu, sinethuba lokubona ukubaluleka kwabo futhi silwele ukubavikela, kunokuba sibabuke beshabalala ezweni lethu bese beshabalala enkumbulo. Ngohlu lwalo nyaka sisiza ekunwebiseni ubunjalo baseMelika ngokusebenzisa izindawo ezixoxa izindaba ezibaluleke kakhulu, kodwa eziningi zazo bezinganakwa ngokomlando noma ezifihliwe ngamabomu. Uma sezikhunjulwe futhi seziqashelwe, ziyacebisa futhi zijulise ukuziqonda kwethu njengabantu ngabanye nanjengabantu baseMelika.”

Uhlu lwango-2022 Lwezindawo Zomlando Ezisengozini Kakhulu ZaseMelika eziyi-11 (ngokulandelana kwezinhlamvu zesifunda/indawo):

Brown Chapel AME Church, Selma, Alabama

Brown Chapel AME Church ibambe iqhaza elikhulu kumamashi aseSelma aya eMontgomery asize ekuphasisweni koMthetho Wamalungelo Okuvota ka-1965. Umonakalo omkhulu womuhlwa uphoqe iBrown Chapel ukuthi ivale iminyango yebandla layo elisebenzayo kanye nokuvakashela umphakathi ngekusasa elibonakalayo. I-Historic Brown Chapel AME Church Preservation Society, Incorporated, ifuna ubudlelwano, izinsiza, nokusekelwa ukuze kuqinisekiswe ukuthi le ndawo engcwele ingaqhubeka nokusebenzela umphakathi wayo kanye nesizwe njengesibani sethemba loshintsho oluhle nokulingana.

Camp Naco, Naco, Arizona

I-Camp Naco iyitshe lokuthinta lomlando Wamasosha Enyathi kanye nesiko eliziqhenya lezempi yezempi yabaNsundu ngemva kweMpi Yombango. Yakhiwa iButho Lezempi Lase-US kusukela ngo-1919, lezi zakhiwo ze-adobe yizona kuphela ezisele emakamu angama-35 akhiwe ngaleso sikhathi emngceleni we-US-Mexico. Ngemva kokuba ikamu lihoxisiwe ngo-1923, indawo yadlula kubanikazi abaningi futhi iye yahlushwa ukucekelwa phansi, ukuchayeka, ukuguguleka, nomlilo. IDolobha lase-Bisbee manje seliphethe i-Camp Naco futhi lisebenzisana eduze ne-Naco Heritage Alliance nabanye ozakwethu ukuze kuhlonzwe uxhaso olubalulekile nokubambisana ukuze kubuyiselwe izakhiwo ezingokomlando zamakamu futhi kuvuselelwe ukusetshenziswa komphakathi, ezokuvakasha, nezemfundo.

I-Chicano/a/x Imidwebo Yomphakathi yase-Colorado

Imidwebo yokudweba yomphakathi ye-Chicano/a/x etholakala kuyo yonke i-Colorado ikhanyisa i-Chicano/a/x Movement yezwe lonke yama-1960s kanye nama-'70s eyayihlanganisa ubushoshovu bezombusazwe kanye nemfundo yamasiko ngobuciko. Namuhla, imisebenzi yobuciko enamandla isongelwa ngezindlela eziningi, okubandakanya ukuntuleka kokuvikela okusemthethweni, ukukhuliswa, kanye nesimo sezulu esibi saseColorado. I-Chicano/a/x Murals of Colorado Project ifuna ukusekelwa ngemizamo eqhubekayo yokuhlola, ukuqoka, ukuvikela, kanye nokulondoloza la magugu abalulekile amasiko.

I-Deborah Chapel, eHartford, Connecticut

I-Deborah Chapel, isibonelo esingavamile nesasekuqaleni saseMelika sesakhiwo somngcwabo wamaJuda esingaguquki, simele ubuholi obuqinile babesifazane phakathi kwezinhlangano zezenkolo zamaJuda nezemiphakathi yekhulu le-19. Ibandla i-Beth Israel lifake isicelo semvume yokudiliza lesi sakhiwo naphezu kwegama laso elingokomlando kazwelonke nelesifunda. Abagqugquzeli bokulondoloza—okuhlanganisa izakhamuzi ezingomakhelwane, izazi zamaJuda, izinhlangano ezingenzi nzuzo zokulondoloza, i-Connecticut State Historic Preservation Office, kanye neDolobha laseHartford—bakhuthaza umnikazi ukuthi asebenzisane nababambe iqhaza ukuze abone ngeso lengqondo ukusetshenziswa okusha noma ukudlulisa ubunikazi ukuze aqinisekise ukulondolozwa.

UFrancisco Q. Sanchez Elementary School, Humåtak, Guam

Yakhiwa ngo-1953 futhi yaklanywa umdwebi wamapulani weModernist u-Richard Neutra, uFrancisco Q. Sanchez Elementary School bekuyisikole sase-Humåtak okuwukuphela kwayo kwaze kwaba yilapho sivalwa ngo-2011. Namuhla, lesi sakhiwo asinamuntu, asisebenzi, futhi siyawohloka. IMeya yaseHumåtak uJohnny Quinata, iGuam Preservation Trust, nabanye bakhuthaza ukusatshalaliswa kwezimali ngokushesha kuHulumeni Guam ukuze isikole sibuyiselwe sibe yisizinda sempilo yamasiko edolobhana.

I-Minidoka National Historic Site, Jerome, Idaho

Ngo-1942, uhulumeni wase-US wasusa ngendluzula ama-Japan aseMelika angu-13,000 ePacific Northwest wawayisa endaweni eyaziwa ngokuthi iMinidoka War Relocation Camp emaphandleni aseningizimu-maphakathi ne-Idaho. Namuhla, ipulazi lomoya elihlongozwayo eduze kweNdawo Yomlando Kazwelonke ye-Minidoka, okungenzeka ihlanganise ukwakhiwa kwezinjini zomoya endaweni yomlando wekamu, isongela ngokushintsha ngokungenakuguquleka indawo esaveza ukuhlukaniswa okutholwa abantu baseMelika base-Japan ababoshwe lapho. Abangane bakaMinidoka kanye nozakwethu banxusa i-Bureau of Land Management ukuthi ivikele i-Minidoka National Historic Site njengendawo yokufunda nokwelapha.

Isithombe sika-Cave, Warren County, Missouri

Ithathwa njengenye yezixhumanisi ezingcwele nezibaluleke kakhulu empilweni yamadlozi akwa-Osage eMissouri, I-Picture Cave iqukethe amakhulukhulu ezithombe ezisuka ezikhathini zaseLate Woodland naseMississippian zomlando we-Osage. Yize i-Osage Nation yazama ukuthenga umhlaba owawuqukethe Umgede Wezithombe ngo-2021, indawo yathengiswa kumthengi ongaziwa nongakaze axhumane ne-Osage Nation naphezu kwemizamo yokuxhumana. Abaholi bezizwe banethemba lokukhuthaza umnikazi omusha ukuthi anikeze ukufinyelela esizweni sase-Osage futhi avikele futhi ahloniphe le ndawo engcwele.

Ikhaya le-Brooks-Park nama-Studios, e-East Hampton, eNew York

I-Brooks-Park Home kanye ne-Studios ixoxa indaba ephoqelelayo yabaculi be-Abstract Expressionist uJames Brooks (1906-1992) noCharlotte Park (1918-2010) ngesikhathi esibucayi emlandweni wobuciko baseMelika. Selokhu kwashona amaciko, ukucekelwa phansi kwempahla, izilwane zasendle, nokunganakwa kube nomthelela ezinhlakeni ebezingenamuntu neziwohlokayo. I-Brooks-Park Arts and Nature Centre inethemba lokuhlanganyela neDolobha lase-East Hampton ukuze kulungiswe izakhiwo njengesikhungo somphakathi sobuciko nemvelo esigubha amaciko womabili, kodwa iDolobha kufanele livote ngokusemthethweni ukuze ligunyaze ukulondolozwa, futhi uxhaso olungeziwe nokubambisana kuzokwenziwa. okudingekayo.

I-Palmer Memorial Institute, eSedalia, eNyakatho Carolina

Isungulwe ngo-1902 uthisha osafufusa uDkt. Charlotte Hawkins Brown, iPalmer Memorial Institute yaguqula izimpilo zabafundi base-Afrika baseMelika abangaphezu kuka-2,000 ngaphambi kokuba kuvalwe ngo-1971. Namuhla, ezintathu zezindlu zokulala zangaphambili azinamuntu futhi azisaphephile ukungena. Umnyango weNorth Carolina Wezemvelo Namasiko, Ikhomishana Yamagugu YaseMelika YaseNyakatho Carolina, iDivision of State Historic Sites, iCharlotte Hawkins Brown Museum, kanye neDolobha laseSedalia bathemba ukuthi izindlu zokulala zingabuyiselwa ukuze ziphinde zibe yingxenye ebalulekile. womphakathi futhi usize ukuxoxa indaba egcwele yempilo yomfundi e-Palmer Memorial Institute.

I-Olivewood Cemetery, eHouston, eTexas

Yahlanganiswa ngo-1875, i-Olivewood ingelinye lamathuna amadala ase-Afrika aseMelika ase-Houston, anemingcwabo engaphezu kuka-4,000 endaweni yawo engamahektha ayi-7.5. Namuhla, izimo zezulu ezimbi kakhulu ngenxa yokushintsha kwesimo sezulu ziyaguguleka futhi zilimaza amathuna. I-Descendants engenzi-nzuzo ye-Olivewood, Inc., umnakekeli osemthethweni wendawo yamathuna, yenze ucwaningo olunzulu ukuze icacise izinga losongo futhi ihlonze ukuvikela okukhethekile kanye nezinyathelo zokunciphisa, kodwa abameli badinga ubambiswano noxhaso ukuze basebenzise lezi zinhlelo.

EJamestown, eVirginia

Indawo yokuqala yokuhlala amaNgisi unomphela eNyakatho Melika kanye nenhloko-dolobha yokuqala yekoloni laseVirginia, iJamestown imele ukuhlangana kwamasiko eNyakatho Melika, kusukela eminyakeni eyi-12,000 yomlando wendabuko kuze kufike ekufikeni kwezifiki zamaNgisi kanye nokufuduka kwabantu ababegqilazwe ngenkani. e-Afrika. Ucwaningo lwemivubukulo lwembule cishe amaphesenti angama-85 enqaba yekhulu le-17, ubufakazi bezakhiwo, kanye nezinto zobuciko ezingaphezu kwezigidi ezintathu. Kodwa namuhla, ukuphakama kwezinga lolwandle, iziphepho, nezikhukhula eziphindaphindayo ngenxa yokushintsha kwesimo sezulu kusongela indawo yokuqala. I-Jamestown Rediscovery Foundation idinga ozakwethu kanye noxhaso lwezimali ukuze yenze izinhlelo zokunciphisa ukuguquguquka kwesimo sezulu. 

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Mayelana umbhali

UHarry Johnson

UHarry Johnson ube ngumhleli wesabelo se- eTurboNews iminyaka engaphezu kwengu-20. Uhlala e-Honolulu, eHawaii, futhi udabuka eYurophu. Uyakujabulela ukubhala nokubika izindaba.

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