I-Boeing Izovuma Icala Edilini Lothando: Imindeni Yezisulu Isabela Ngokushesha

IBoeing imemezela ushintsho kwiBhodi Yabaqondisi

I-Boeing ekuvumeni icala le-Federal felony ibalulekile. U-Boeing akakaze alahlwe yicala lobugebengu emashumini eminyaka. Uma lesi sicelo secala sizoletha ukwaneliseka kumakhulu obaba, omama, amadodakazi, noma amadodana afuna ubulungisa akunakwenzeka. Uhlelo lwe-US Justice luwuhlelo oluklanyelwe ukuxoxisana ngecala noma ukungabi nacala. I-Clifford Law Firm isivele yafaka isicelo sokuphikisa egameni lemindeni yezisulu.

Izindiza ezimbili ze-Boeing 737 Max zabulala abangu-346, kwathi ngemva kweminyaka u-Boeing wahamba elahlwe yicala lobugebengu, kodwa isivumelwano sothando esinikeza ubulungiswa obuncane emindenini yabashonile.

I-Boeing ifinyelele isivumelwano noMnyango Wezobulungiswa wase-US

I-Boeing ifinyelele esivumelwaneni noMnyango Wezobulungiswa mayelana nesivumelwano sokufaka isicelo, njengoba kushiwo efayilini elenziwe ngeSonto. Isivumelwano, esingaphansi kwemvume yejaji lenhlangano, sibandakanya i-Boeing ukukhokha inhlawulo eyizigidi ezingama- $ 243.6, ehambisana nesamba esakhokhwa ekukhokheni kwangaphambilini kwango-2021.

I-Boeing isiqinisekisile lesi sivumelwano ngeSonto ebusuku ngokomgomo, yathi imigomo ethile isazovunywa. UBoeing uzolivuma icala elibi lokuqola uhulumeni waseMelika ngezingozi ezimbili ezabulala iBoeing 737 Max e-Indonesia nase-Ethiopia ngo-2018 nango-2019.

Uma kuvunywe Ijaji Lombuso, umkhiqizi wendiza uzohlawuliswa u-$243.6 wezigidi. Yinani elifanayo okwavunyelwana ngalo esivumelwaneni sango-2021.

U-Boeing uzolahlwa yicala lobugebengu

UMnyango Wezobulungiswa umemezele enkantolo ukuthi i-Boeing izolivuma icala lokwakha itulo lokuqola i-FAA mayelana nokuphepha kwendiza i-Boeing 737 MAX ngasekupheleni kweSonto (Julayi 7, 2024). UMnyango Wezobulungiswa umemezele lesi sivumelwano lapho ufaka isicelo enkantolo yesifunda iJaji Reed O'Connor eFort Worth, eTexas.

Njengombandela wokuhlolwa, uMnyango Wezobulungiswa uzoqoka umqaphi wokuthobela ozimele onesibopho sokuqinisekisa ukuqaliswa nokulandelwa kwezimiso zokuphepha.

Lokhu kuqapha kuzoletha imibiko yaminyaka yonke kuhulumeni. Uma noma yimiphi imigomo yephulwa, inkampani izofaka ezinye izinhlawulo. Ukwengeza, ibhodi labaqondisi benkampani lizophoqeleka ukuba libe nemihlangano nemindeni ethintekile ngenxa yezingozi.

Njengoba bekulindelekile imindeni yabashonile ididekile futhi ayicabangi ukuthi lesi sicelo siya kude ngokwanele. Babefuna ukuqulwa kwamacala kanye nokujeziswa kwalabo abaku-Boeing ababefaka inzuzo phezu kokuphepha kwezindiza. Eminye imindeni ishaqekile ngendlela okwenziwa ngayo ubulungisa e-United States.

Ngakho-ke imindeni izwakalise ukungahambisani nalesi sivumelwano komunye umbhalo, iveza inhloso yayo yokuphikisa ngokuthi isivumelwano neBoeing sinikeza inkampani izivumelwano ezingafanele, ezingeke zinikezwe abanye abasolwa.

I-Clifford Law Firm, emele imindeni eminingi ekhiphe lesi sitatimende

Imindeni elahlekelwe izihlobo zayo ezingozini ezimbili ze-Boeing 737 MAX isheshe yafaka kuleyo nkantolo ukuphikisa isivumelwano. Isaziso semindeni siveze ukuthi “isinqumo sokunxeshezelwa nge-Boeing senza imvume ku-Boeing abanye abamangalelwa ngobugebengu abangasoze bayithole futhi yehluleka ukubeka i-Boeing icala ngokufa kwabantu abangama-346. … Ngenxa yalokho, isivumelwano sokufaka isicelo esivulekile sisekelwe ezakhiweni ezikhohlisayo nezihlukumezayo,” ngokwesiphikiso esifakwe enkantolo yesifunda e-Texas ngemva kokuba i-DOJ ifake isicelo sika-Boeing enkantolo.

Udaba lokuthi uyasamukela yini isivumelwano sokuvuma icala kanye necala lika-Boeing manje selilele kuJaji u-O'Connor ophethe udaba lobugebengu. Imindeni evela emhlabeni wonke ihlose ukuya enkantolo elindelwe ukuzophikisana nalesi sivumelwano.  

“Lesi sithandwa asiboni ukuthi ngenxa yetulo likaBoeing, kwafa abantu abangu-346. Ngommeli wobuqili phakathi kwe-Boeing ne-DOJ, imiphumela ebulalayo yobugebengu be-Boeing iyafihlwa,” kusho u-Paul Cassell, ummeli wemindeni kuleli cala kanye noprofesa we-SJ Quinney College of Law e-University of Utah. “Ijaji lingasichitha isicelo sokuvuma icala esingahambisani nomphakathi, futhi lesi sivumelwano esikhohlisayo nesingenabulungiswa asiwuhlomuli umphakathi. Sihlela ukucela iJaji u-O'Connor ukuthi asebenzise igunya lakhe eliqashelwayo ukwenqaba lesi sicelo esingafanele futhi avele amise udaba ukuze luqulwe esidlangalaleni, ukuze wonke amaqiniso aphathelene necala asakazwe esigcawini esinobulungiswa nesivulelekile phambi kwejaji.”

"Imindeni iphoxeke kakhulu ngokuthi i-DOJ ihluleka ukuphendula ngalezi zingozi ezimbili," kusho u-Robert A. Clifford, umsunguli kanye nozakwethu omkhulu emahhovisi e-Clifford Law kanye noMeluleki Oholayo wemindeni emacaleni omphakathi alinde enkantolo yesifunda e-Chicago. “Obunye ubufakazi obethulwe kule minyaka emihlanu edlule obukhombisa ukuthi isiko lokuthi iBoeing yenze inzuzo ngaphezu kwezokuphepha ayikashintshi. Lesi sivumelwano sesicelo siqhubekisela phambili kuphela lokho okugwegwile inhloso yebhizinisi. Imindeni izoqhubeka nokulwela ubulungiswa nokuphepha emphakathini ondizayo ngamagama abathandekayo babo abashona abazinikele kakhulu.”

I-DOJ yaqale yazisa imindeni ukuthi ngeke ifune ukushushiswa i-Boeing futhi yachaza imigomo yesivumelwano sokunxeshezelwa engqungqutheleni yevidiyo yamahora amabili yokugcina ngeSonto eledlule (Juni 30, 2024).

Idili Elimnandi Lomnyango Wezobulungiswa

Ukusabela eMnyangweni Wezobulungiswa okunikeza lokho imindeni kanye nabameli babo abayibiza ngokuthi “isivumelwano sothando” kwashesha abanye bebhekise ku-DOJ’s Deferred Prosecution Agreement (DPA) eyangena kuso cishe eminyakeni emine edlule. NgoMeyi, i-DOJ yanquma ukulahla i-DPA ngemuva kokuthola ukuthi i-Boeing ayizange ihambisane nemigomo yayo kulandela ipulaki elindiza lisuka endiza ye-Alaska Airlines phakathi nendiza ngoJanuwari.

“I-DoJ inqume ukuthi ukuphinda amaphutha enziwe ngesikhathi bexoxisana nge-DPA yabo engekho emthethweni eminyakeni emithathu edlule manje kuzoletha umphumela ohlukile. Izijeziso nemibandela ebekwe ku-Boeing ngenxa yalesi sivumelwano sokufaka izicelo azihlukile kakhulu kunalezo ezihlulekile ukushintsha isiko lokuphepha le-Boeing nokwaholela ekuqhumeni komnyango we-Alaska Air,” kusho u-Javier de Luis olahlekelwe udadewabo uGraziella okwesibili. ukuphahlazeka eminyakeni emihlanu edlule. Ungunjiniyela we-aerospace. “Lesi sivumelwano asikushayi mkhuba ukuthola kweJaji u-O'Connor ukuthi ukukhwabanisa kweBoeing yikho okudale ukufa kwabantu abangu-346. Ikuziba ukuphawula kweSekethe Yesihlanu kokuthi isivumelwano esifana nalesi sidinga ngokuyisisekelo ukufeza intshisekelo yomphakathi yokuthuthukisa ukuphepha kwezindiza. Uma kwenzeka ingozi elandelayo, zonke izikhulu ze-DoJ ezisayine lesi sivumelwano zizoba nomthwalo wemfanelo njengabaphathi bakwaBoeing abenqaba ukubeka ukuphepha ngaphambi kwenzuzo.”

UZipporah Kuria wase-England owashonelwa nguyise, uJoseph, uthe, “Ukuphuphunyelwa kobulungiswa kuwukubukelwa phansi okukhulu ekuchazeni lokhu. Kuyisinengiso esibi. Ngiyethemba ukuthi, uNkulunkulu makube le, uma lokhu kwenzeka futhi i-DOJ iyakhunjuzwa ukuthi ibe nethuba lokwenza okuthile okunenjongo futhi esikhundleni salokho yakhetha ukungenzi. Ngeke sikumise ukulwela kwethu ubulungiswa, noma ngabe yini ebukeka iqhubekela phambili. Enkampanini eqhubeka nokucula ukuthi isishintshile ingoma yayo ukuze iphinde iphume ngendlela elula, akubonisi lokho. Kuyiqiniso elimsulwa ukuthi lokhu kubeka isibonelo ezinkampanini ezingasebenzi kahle ngokokuziphatha njengeBoeing zingachuma ngezindleko zokuphila komuntu ngaphandle kokusolwa kwangempela nokuthi ubulungisa buyilabo abangakwazi ukuziphendulela. Ihlazo ku-DOJ. "

idokhumenti enophawu kuyo
I-Boeing Izovuma Icala Edilini Le-Sweetheart: Imindeni Yezisulu Isabela Ngokushesha

UChris noClariss Moore baseCanada bashonelwe yindodakazi yabo uDanielle, 24, kule ngozi. Uthe, “UMnyango Wezobulungiswa bekufanele uqale wenze uphenyo olugcwele kanye necala lobugebengu elibhekiswe kubasebenzi bakwa-Boeing abahola ukunikezwa kwezitifiketi zomgunyathi zendiza i-Boeing Max.

Ubugebengu bebhizinisi obubi kakhulu e-United States

Ubugebengu bezinkampani obubulala kakhulu emlandweni wase-United States kodwa unswinyo oluncane kakhulu lokubulala ngokungemthetho kwezinkampani ngaleli zinga ludinga incazelo enemininingwane yalokho okwenzekile; amaqiniso kufanele enziwe obala, futhi abantu kufanele balandise. Njengoba nje i-Boeing ingazange ithathe izinyathelo zokulungisa ngemva kokuphahlazeka kokuqala, noMnyango Wezobulungiswa, nawo, awuzange uthathe izinyathelo zokulungisa ngemva kwenye ingozi edalwe yi-Boeing (Alaska Air). Isivumelwano sokunxeshezelwa siyikhophi yekhabhoni ye-DPA futhi ngaphandle kokuziphendulela kwangempela, izingozi eziningi zizokwenzeka. Lezi zenzo ezithambile ezithathwe uMnyango Wezobulungiswa ziphinde zabonisa ukukhetha kulabo abacebile nabanamandla e-United States. "

U-Ike Riffel waseCalifornia owashonelwa amadodana akhe amabili, uMelvin noBennett, kule ngozi uthe, “UMnyango wezoBulungiswa uphinde ushiye imindeni yabantu abangu-346 ababulawe wubudedengu nokuziphatha kukaBoeing ebumnyameni. Ngaphandle kokungafihli okugcwele kanye nokuziphendulela, akukho okuzoshintsha. Ngingathemba ukuthi singafunda kulezi zinhlekelele ezimbi. Kepha esikhundleni salokho, i-DOJ inika u-Boeing esinye isivumelwano sesithandwa. 

Ngalesi sivumelwano, ngeke kube nophenyo, angeke kube khona ubufakazi bofakazi bochwepheshe, futhi ngeke kube nabenzi balawa macala ukuze baphendule amacala enkantolo. Ngaphandle kophenyo olugcwele lwasesidlangalaleni kanye nokuqulwa kwecala esidlangalaleni, imindeni kanye nomphakathi ondizayo ngeke balazi iqiniso. Sithemba ukuthi ukushona kwabantu esibathandayo bekuyoletha ushintsho lwangempela endleleni i-Boeing eyenza ngayo ibhizinisi futhi iqale ukubeka ukuphepha phezu kwenzuzo futhi - ifomula eyabenza baba inkampani enkulu ababeyiyo ngaphambili. Isivivinyo sokuqala senkampani asenzanga lutho ukushintsha ukuziphatha kukaBoeing, yini eyenza i-DOJ icabange ukuthi omunye uzokwenza noma yimuphi umehluko? Kukwenza ubuze umbuzo, ingabe ubulungisa buphuphuthekile ngempela? 

UPaul Njoroge waseCanada owashonelwa umndeni wakhe wonke, uCarol, umkakhe, nendodana namadodakazi akhe, uRyan oneminyaka engu-6, uKelli oneminyaka emine noRubi onezinyanga ezingu-4 kanye nomama womkakhe, uthe, “ Ngokusobala kwakungeyona inkimbinkimbi ukuthi i-Boeing izosamukela isivumelwano sokuncenga. Kuyisivumelwano esivumela i-Boeing ukuthi ihambe ngaphandle kokulimala. Iqiniso liwukuthi uMnyango Wezobulungiswa ubhale kabusha Isivumelwano Sokushushisa Esihlehlisiwe sikaJanuwari 9. Ngokudabukisayo, lesi sivumelwano sokufaka isicelo asisho ukuthi kwashona abantu abangu-2021 ngenxa yobudedengu babaphathi abakhulu be-Boeing. Uma lesi sivumelwano siya phambi kweJaji u-O'Connor weSifunda Esisenyakatho ye-Texas, ngizomcela ukuthi angasivumeli.”

IJaji u-O'Connor phambilini likhiphe isinqumo sokuthi amalungu omndeni angu-346 ashonelwe abathandekayo ezingozini ezimbili ezintsha ze-Boeing 737 MAX8 phakathi nezinyanga ezinhlanu abeyizisulu zobugebengu kuleli cala ngaphansi koMthetho Wamalungelo Ezisulu Zobugebengu. 

Imibandela yalesi sivumelwano ibonakala isho ukuthi azikho izikhulu zakwaBoeing ezizobekwa icala lobugebengu, nakuba imindeni nabameli bayo bethumele ubufakazi bokuthi abaphathi bakwaBoeing ababesezingeni eliphezulu ngaleso sikhathi babenecala kuleli tulo. I-Boeing izokhokha inhlawulo yezigidi ezingu-487 zamaRandi ngesikweletu esingu-$234 million esinikezwe izimali ezikhokhiwe ngaphambilini, inani elincane kakhulu kunenhlawulo engaba yizigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama-24.7 uBoeing obengabhekana nayo. 

Isivumelwano sokunxeshezelwa kwe-DOJ sihlanganisa nomqaphi webhizinisi ozimele iminyaka emithathu ezikhungweni ze-Boeing ozokhethwa uhulumeni. Imindeni icele ukuthi ibambe iqhaza ekukhethweni kweJaji u-O'Connor kube nezwi lokugcina ekuqokweni komqaphi

Isivumelwano sokufaka isicelo asibavikeli abaphathi be-Boeing kwamanye amacala obugebengu, ikakhulukazi ezigamekweni zakamuva, njengendiza ye-Alaska Airlines eduzane nengozi e-Portland. Abameli bakwa-Boeing kulindeleke ukuthi bazame ukumisa lokho okungenzeka.

Mayelana umbhali

UJuergen T Steinmetz

UJuergen Thomas Steinmetz ubelokhu esebenza ngokuqhubekayo embonini yezokuvakasha nezokuvakasha kusukela esemusha eJalimane (1977).
Wasungula eTurboNews ngo-1999 njengencwajana yokuqala ye-inthanethi embonini yezokuvakasha yezokuvakasha emhlabeni jikelele.

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