Ungahlolwa Kanjani Impilo Egcwele

impilo yedijithali - isithombe sihlonishwa ngu-Gerd Altmann wase-Pixabay
Isithombe sihlonishwa ngu-Gerd Altmann wase-Pixabay
Ibhalwe ngu Linda Hohnholz

Ukuhlolwa kwezempilo okuvamile kubalulekile ukuze kugcinwe ukuphila kahle okuphelele nokutholwa kusenesikhathi kwezinkinga zempilo ezingaba khona.

Ukuhlolwa okuphelele kwezempilo kuhlola izici ezihlukahlukene zempilo yakho futhi kukusize wenze izinqumo ezinolwazi mayelana nendlela yakho yokuphila nokunakekelwa kwezokwelapha. Lesi sihloko sinikeza umhlahlandlela onemininingwane yokuthi ungathola kanjani ukuhlolwa okuphelele kwezempilo, okusekelwa imininingwane yochwepheshe, idatha yezibalo, nezeluleko ezisebenzayo.

Ukuqonda Ukubaluleka Kokuhlolwa Kwezempilo Okuvamile

Ukuhlolwa kwezempilo okuphelele kuyindlela esebenzayo yokunakekelwa kwezempilo. UDkt. Elizabeth Klodas, udokotela wenhliziyo owaziwayo, uthi, “Ukuhlolwa kwempilo njalo kubalulekile ngoba kusiza ukusheshe kubonwe izinkinga, lapho zelapheka kakhulu.” Ukutholwa kusenesikhathi kwezimo ezifana nomfutho wegazi ophakeme, isifo sikashukela, neminye imidlavuza kungathuthukisa kakhulu imiphumela futhi kunciphise ingozi yezinkinga.

Izingxenye Zokuhlolwa Kwezempilo Okugcwele

Ukuhlolwa okuphelele kwezempilo kubandakanya ukuhlolwa okuhlukahlukene nokuhlola ukuhlola impilo yakho iyonke. Lokhu ngokuvamile kufaka:

Umlando Wezokwelapha kanye Nokuhlolwa Komzimba

Isinyathelo sokuqala ekuhlolweni kwezempilo okuphelele ukubukeza kahle umlando wakho wezokwelapha kanye nokuhlolwa komzimba. UDkt. John Whyte, Isikhulu Esiphezulu Sezokwelapha ku-WebMD, uyagcizelela, “Ukuqonda umlando wezokwelapha wesiguli kubalulekile ekuboneni izici eziyingozi nokuqondisa inqubo yokuxilonga.”

Ngesikhathi sokuhlolwa komzimba, umhlinzeki wakho wokunakekelwa kwezempilo uzo:

  • Kala ubude bakho, isisindo, kanye ne-body mass index (BMI)
  • Hlola izimpawu zakho ezibalulekile, okuhlanganisa umfutho wegazi, ukushaya kwenhliziyo, nezinga lokuphefumula
  • Hlola amehlo akho, izindlebe, umphimbo, nesisu
  • Hlola ukusebenza kwemizwa yakho kanye nokukhalipha kwengqondo

Izivivinyo zegazi

Ukuhlolwa kwegazi kuyingxenye ebalulekile yokuhlolwa kwezempilo okuphelele. Banikeza ulwazi olubalulekile mayelana nempilo yakho iyonke futhi bangakwazi ukubona izimpawu zakuqala zezimo ezihlukahlukene.

A Well Woman Blood Test yakhelwe ngokukhethekile abesifazane futhi ihlanganisa ukuhlolwa kwegazi, ukusebenza kwegilo, amazinga amahomoni, nokunye. Kwabesilisa, a Wellman Hlola kuhlanganisa ukuhlola impilo ye-prostate, amazinga e-cholesterol, ukusebenza kwesibindi, nokunye. Kokubili ukuhlolwa kunikeza umbono obanzi wezinkomba zezempilo ezibalulekile.

Ukuhlolwa kwenhliziyo nemithambo yegazi

Impilo yenhliziyo nemithambo yegazi iyingxenye ebalulekile yokuhlolwa kwezempilo okugcwele. Isifo senhliziyo siyimbangela ehamba phambili yokufa emhlabeni wonke, okwenza lokhu kuhlola kubaluleke kakhulu.

  • I-Electrocardiogram (ECG): I-ECG ikala umsebenzi kagesi wenhliziyo yakho futhi ikwazi ukubona ukuhluleka kwenhliziyo, ukumelwa yinhliziyo, nezinye izimo zenhliziyo.
  • I-Echocardiogram: Lokhu kuhlolwa kwe-ultrasound kunikeza izithombe ezinemininingwane yokwakheka nokusebenza kwenhliziyo yakho, kusize ukuxilonga izimo ezifana nezinkinga zevalvu yenhliziyo kanye ne-cardiomyopathy.
  • Ukuhlolwa Kwengcindezi: Ukuhlolwa kwengcindezi kuhlola ukuthi inhliziyo yakho isebenza kanjani ngaphansi kokucindezeleka ngokomzimba, okungaveza izinkinga ezingabonakali lapho uphumule.

Ukuhlolwa Komdlavuza

Ukuhlolwa komdlavuza kubalulekile ukuze kutholakale ngokushesha futhi kuthuthukiswe amazinga okusinda. Ukuhlolwa okuqondile okunconyiwe kuncike eminyakeni yakho yobudala, ubulili, nezici zobungozi.

  • I-Mammograms: Inconyelwe abesifazane abangaphezu kweminyaka engama-40 ukuthola umdlavuza webele.
  • I-Pap Smears: Ibalulekile kubantu besifazane ukuthi bahlole umdlavuza womlomo wesibeletho.
  • Ukuhlolwa kwe-Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA): Kusetshenziselwa ukuhlola umdlavuza wendlala yesinye emadodeni.
  • I-Colonoscopy: Inconyelwe abantu abadala abangaphezu kweminyaka engama-50 ukuthola umdlavuza we-colorectal.

Ukuhlolwa Kwe-Metabolic NeHormonal

Ukuhlolwa kwe-Metabolic kanye nama-hormone kubalulekile ukuze kutholwe izimo ezifana nesifo sikashukela, ukuphazamiseka kwegilo, nokungalingani kwamahomoni.

  • Ukuhlolwa Kweglucose Yegazi: Kukala amazinga kashukela egazini ukuze kuhlolwe isifo sikashukela noma i-prediabetes.
  • Ukuhlolwa Komsebenzi Wegilo: Ihlola amazinga amahomoni egilo ukuthola i-hypothyroidism noma i-hyperthyroidism.
  • Ukuhlolwa kweCortisol: A Cortisol Test UK ikala amazinga e-cortisol, i-hormone elawula ukuphendula kokucindezeleka kanye ne-metabolism. Amazinga e-cortisol angavamile angabonisa izimo ezifana ne-Cushing's syndrome noma isifo sika-Addison.

Ukulungiselela Ukuhlolwa Kwempilo Yakho

Ukulungiselela kahle kungasiza ukuqinisekisa ukunemba kokuhlolwa kwakho nokusebenza kahle kokuhlolwa kwakho.

Izidingo Zokuzila

Okunye ukuhlolwa kwegazi kudinga ukuzila ukudla ukuze uthole imiphumela enembile. Imvamisa, ungacelwa ukuthi uzile ukudla amahora angama-8-12 ngaphambi kokuhlolwa. UDkt. Frank Lipman, uchwepheshe oholayo wezokwelapha ezisebenzayo, uyeluleka, “Ukuzila ukudla kusiza ekuqinisekiseni ukuthi isampula yegazi alithintwa ukudla noma okuphuzwayo kwakamuva, okunikeza isithombe esicacile sempilo yakho.”

Imithi Nezithako

Yazisa umhlinzeki wakho wezempilo nganoma yimiphi imithi noma izithasiselo ozithathayo. Imithi ethile ingaba nomthelela emiphumeleni yokuhlolwa, futhi umhlinzeki wakho angase anikeze imiyalelo ethile yokuthi uqhubeke noma uyimise kancane ngaphambi kokuhlolwa.

Izindlela Zokuphila

Zilungiselele ukuxoxa ngemikhuba yakho yokuphila, okuhlanganisa ukudla, ukuvivinya umzimba, ukubhema, nokuphuza utshwala. Lezi zici zingathinta kakhulu impilo yakho futhi ziqondise izincomo ezenziwe ngesikhathi sokuhlolwa kwakho.

Okufanele Ukulindele Ngesikhathi Sokuhlolwa

Ngesikhathi sokuhlolwa kwakho impilo, uzohlolwa uchungechunge nokuhlolwa okuhambisana nezidingo zakho zezempilo. Inqubo ingase ihlanganise:

Ukubonisana kwasekuqaleni

Ukubonisana kokuqala kuhilela ukuxoxa ngomlando wakho wezokwelapha, ukukhathazeka kwamanje kwezempilo, kanye nemikhuba yokuphila. Le ngxoxo isiza umhlinzeki wakho wokunakekelwa kwezempilo ukuthi aqonde izici zakho zobungozi futhi anqume ukuhlolwa okudingekayo.

Ukuhlolwa Kwemvelo

Ukuhlolwa komzimba kuhilela ukuhlolwa okuphelele kwempilo yakho iyonke, okuhlanganisa izimpawu ezibalulekile, ukusebenza kwezinzwa, nesimo somzimba.

Ukuhlolwa Kwaselabhorethri

Uzohlinzeka ngegazi kanye namasampula omchamo ngokunokwenzeka ukuze uhlolwe elabhorethri. Lezi zivivinyo zihlaziya izinkomba zezempilo ezahlukahlukene, njengamazinga e-cholesterol, ushukela wegazi, amazinga amahomoni, nokunye.

Ukufaniswa kokubona

Uma kunesidingo, umhlinzeki wakho wokunakekelwa kwezempilo angase a-ode ukuhlolwa kwesithombe sokuxilonga, okufana nama-X-reyi, ama-ultrasound, noma ama-MRIs, ukuze uthole umbono oningiliziwe wezitho zakho zangaphakathi nezakhiwo.

Ngemuva Kokuhlola: Ukuqonda Imiphumela Yakho

Ngemva kokuqeda ukuhlola nokuhlola, umhlinzeki wakho wokunakekelwa kwezempilo uzobuyekeza imiphumela nawe. UDkt. Karen Lee, uchwepheshe wezokwelapha wangaphakathi, uyachaza, “Ukuchaza imiphumela yokuhlolwa kumongo wempilo yakho yonke kanye nomlando wezokwelapha kubalulekile ukuze wenze izinqumo ezinolwazi mayelana nokunakekelwa kwakho kwezempilo.”

Ukuxoxa Ngemiphumela

Umhlinzeki wakho wokunakekelwa kwezempilo uzochaza ukubaluleka komphumela ngamunye, agqamise noma yiziphi izindawo ezikukhathazayo, futhi aphendule noma yimiphi imibuzo ongase ube nayo. Bazophinde baxoxe nganoma yiziphi izivivinyo ezidingekayo zokulandelela noma ukwelashwa.

Ukwakha Uhlelo Lwezempilo

Ngokusekelwe emiphumeleni yokuhlolwa kwakho, umhlinzeki wakho wokunakekelwa kwezempilo uzokusiza wenze uhlelo lwezempilo lomuntu siqu. Lolu hlelo lungabandakanya izinguquko zendlela yokuphila, izincomo zokudla, izindlela zokuzivocavoca, nanoma yiziphi izindlela zokwelapha ezidingekayo.

Ukulandelela Nokunakekelwa Okuqhubekayo

Ukuqokwa kokulandelela njalo nokunakekelwa okuqhubekayo kubalulekile ukuze ugcine impilo yakho futhi ubhekane nanoma yiziphi izinkinga ezivelayo. Hlela ukuhlolwa ngezikhathi ezithile ukuze ugade ukuqhubeka kwakho futhi ulungise uhlelo lwakho lwezempilo njengoba kudingeka.

Isiphetho

Ukuhlolwa okuphelele kwezempilo kuwukuhlola okuphelele kwempilo yakho okungase kubone izinkinga ezingase zibe khona kusenesikhathi futhi kukuqondise ekwenzeni izinqumo ezinolwazi mayelana nempilo yakho. Ngokuqonda izingxenye zokuhlolwa kwezempilo, ukulungiselela ngokwanele, nokusebenza eduze nomhlinzeki wakho wokunakekelwa kwezempilo, ungakwazi ukuthuthukisa impilo yakho futhi uvimbele izinkinga ezizayo. Kungakhathaliseki ukuthi ukhetha i-Well Woman Blood Test, i-Wellman Check, noma izivivinyo ezithile ezifana ne-Cortisol Test UK, ukuthatha izinyathelo ezisheshayo maqondana nempilo yakho kungaholela ekuphileni okude, okunempilo.

Mayelana umbhali

Linda Hohnholz

Umhleli omkhulu we eTurboNews ezinze eTN HQ.

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